Skip to main content

Full text of "Historic families of America. William Almy of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 1630, Joris Janssen de Rapaljé, of Fort Orange (Albany), New Amsterdam and Brooklyn, 1623"

See other formats


,'t/r,'-, RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



33433 05878132 3 



■^?v 



,A 



This "0-P Book" Is an Authorized Reprint of the 
Original Edition, Produced by Microfilm-Xerography by 
University Microfilms, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1965 



HISTORIC FAMILIES OF AMERICA. 



William Almy. 

Of 

PORTSMOUTH, RHODE ISLAND, 
1630. 



JORIS JANSSEN DERAPAUE, 

oy 
FORT ORANGE (ALBANY), 

NEW AMSTERDAM AND BROOKLYN, 
1623. 



rvBLisHKo »r 



CHAKLKS UNOIBUBV MILLKX, 
CtJICACO, ** 
.897. 



I' i^ 



-e^ 



= M 



fin 



8 



I 



Si 



csl 



.f^^il 



%' 



FOREWORD. 

nPHE gathering of modern information for this work and 
'' the collection of matter from the ancestral records 
of the Almy family, was begun a few years since by 
Mrs. Polly Ann Almy- Miller, of Washington, D. C. To 
this the late Rear-Admiral Almy contributed valuable 
historic incidents, while further research and compilation 
of the material was completed by the publisher. 

In the preparation of this book numerous authorities 
have been consulted and proper credit accorded to them. 

The genealogical record, though not complete, is 
composed of facts gleaned from public and historic doc- 
uments, and will be, it is hoped, of value to members of 
the Almy and Rapalj^ families who desire to trace their 
direct lineage back to William Almy, 1630, or to Joris 
Janssen de Rapalje, 1623. 

c. k. M. 



riVB HUMOilD AND rOKTY-rOUB 
NOBTH 6TATC bT.— LINCOLN PARK- 
CHICAGO, APRIL PirTKENTH, 
BIOHTBEN HUNDRED AMD MIMITV iiBVBN. 



i.. . I.- , : .  

ni5T0RIC FAMILIES OP AMERiCA. 




ALMY. 

'T'HE enviroamenti and circumstances which afiect the 
happiness and comfort of man, moulds and develops 
his nature, and history, which is his handiwork, must be 
fashioned according to the capacity of the men who make 
it. Thus it is that we constantly find the same names, or 
variations of the same names, recurring through genera- 
tions as taking prominent places in history; and as the 
muscle is developed by use, so are certain qualities of the 
mind transmitted from generation to generation, vary- 
ing according to the ever changing circumstances which 



6 The Almy Family. 



surround us and are incidental to our planetary system. 
In every great crisis, in all the marked events 
of history, there always arises from the masses a man, 
or men, who becoming leaders, stamp their impress 
indelibly upon their followers and surroundings, and im- 
mortalize their names. 

Originally from France, from whence he fled to escape 
the dangers of proscription, Almy seems to have been a 
'•leader of men," for we find him among those intrepid 
Norman followers of William the Conqueror, the majority 
of whom were knights, and all of whom were soldiers. 
He was probably in the train of Hugh d'Avaranches, Earl 
of Chester, better known as " Hugh the Wolf," who crossed 
the Dee, invaded North Wales, made himself master of a 
part of Flintshire, built the castle of Rhuddlan, and pre- 
pared the way for the final subjugation of the Welsh, a 
project the Normans never abandoned until it was com- 
pleted two centuries later by Edward I. 

Having settled himself in Wales, the Earl of Chester 
apportioned the conquered lands among his Norman 
followers, and this, perhaps, will account for the appear- 
ance of the leek, the national emblem of Wales, upon the 
Almy crest, which was conferred by the King of England 



The Almy Family, 



for an act of personal bravery and gallantry, during the 
crusades. He was one of those heroic and intrepid 
soldiers, who so valiantly, on the retaking of Jerusalem 
from the infidels by the crusaders, scaled the walls of the 
citadel, and led the way for his comrades to victory. 

The crest is a shield, upon which appears a turret and 
cross keys of a castle. This is surmounted by a cuirass, 
breastplate, helmet, buckler, bow and arrow, a sword, a flag 
and the cross. On either side of the shield, is a sprig of 
leek, and entwining these, a scroll upon which is inscribed: 
«« By the Name of Almy." 

It is inferred that Almy (Almond), commanding a Welsh 
regiment and bearer of the cross under the banner of St. 
George and the King of England, chose to anglicize bis 
name and had covered himself with glory "by the name of 
Almy." (Nomine Almii.) 

In a work recently published by Mrs.Crosland, the author- 
ess mentions the effect which the Norman conquest had 
upon the civilization of England, by introducing an aristoc- 
racy; and how, centuries afterward, "the French Revolution 
indirectly leavened the coarseness of the English upper mid- 
dle class." She also speaks of the beneficial eflects upon 
society of the French refugees, who "were almost al- 



8 The Almy Family. 



ways well educated, with much more of all-round culture 
than the English of that period often attained; they were 
temperate in an age when nearly all men were more or less 
wine bibbers. They must have been astonishingly eco- 
nomical and thrifty to have lived as they did; *   they 
were members of the old noblesse, all their previous lives 
accustomed to ease and luxury, who turned their acquire- 
ments to practical account;  * * they taught their 
own language, often painting and music as well, and even 
dancing. *   »• 

Doubtless the amalgamation of the Norman and Saxon 
produced good results, and evolved some of the noblest and 
most eminent men of England. There was the culture, re- 
finement and chivalry on the one hand, and the bold, hon- 
est, hardihood on the other. If the Normans, and later the 
modern French, brought with them the results of higher 
education to England they had the benefit of freer institu- 
tions, a more fertile soil, better and more nourishing food, 
and were thus equipped to make the most of their sur- 
roundings and their environments, and to avail themselves 
of all such as would accrue to their personal protection 
and best advantage. 

It was as natural and as common then, as it is to-day, 



The Almy Family. 



(or men to be influenced by the opinions, associations and 
teachings of the people with whom they constantly 
mingled. It was then, as now, an ordinary thing to find 
some men rise above, and some fall below, the current of 
opinions; and there are always found in every society, 
those who, having more than ordinary prevision, are able 
to become teachers, leaders and exemplars of theories and 
principles. 

By such leaders was the colony of New England 
founded; by men who professed "those great dogmas of 
which moral systems are composed," and who, animated 
by a desire for greater liberty of thought and action, had 
the courage to endure the hardships incident to life in a 
new, unsettled country. 

It was in the company of such men as John Winthrop, 
John Eliot, Isaac Johnson and their class, that we find one 
of the Almy family of England coming to America, to plant 
the name which has branched out through New England 
and the United States. 

William Almy, the common ancestor of all who bear 
the name in America, was a native of Belinden Parish, Kent 
County, England, and was born in the year 1601. He first 
came to this country in company with John Winthrop and 



10 



The Almy Family. 



his associates about the year 1630, probably in 1629|* when 
Winthrop, for his superior executive ability and acknowl- 
edged integrity, was elected governor of the New £ng« 
land Colony, t j 

[John Winthrop, Isaac Johnson and his wife, Lady 
Arbella Johnson, sister of the Earl of Lincoln, with others, 
sailed from England in the ship Arbella, April 10, 1629]. 

The first official mention we find of the name, appears 
in the court records of the colony, Lynn, when on June 14, 
1631, William Almy was fined Us., "for taking away Mr. 
Glover's canoe without leave." 



*"Oa June 6, 1C20, the 67th day of the voyage from England't 
shores, Cape Sable was sighted od the Maiae coast, but they sailed into 
Gloucester harbor, Massachusetts and there the passengers went ashore." 
John Winthrop made this entry in his journal; "We had warm, fair 
weather and so pleasant and sweet airs as did refresh as — then came a 
smell ofl the shore like the smell of a garden." 

fFrom "Old Times in the Colonies," (p. 166). "A very important 
meeting of the Massachusetts Company was held in London, at John 
GoSe's bouse, Aug. 28, 1(329. Matthew Cradock put this quescioa 
to vote: Shall the government of the colony be in New England or 
here? All in favor of transferring it to New England will hold up their 
bands. The hands were raised It is a vote. 

Was it simply the transfer [from London] of the management of a 
company, across the ocean (to Massdchusetts) ? It was the begin- 
Ding of a State. All the authority, aU the power that they bad desired 
from the King (Charles I.) to make laws and execute them, was trans- 
planted to America by this vote." 



Tkt Almy Family. W 



On July 31, 1634, he was again « fined for not appeau-- 
ing at the last court, being summoned." He was probably 
absent in England, as he made two trips, to and fro, be- 
fore he brought his family to the New World; on June 13, 
1636, upon his second voyage to England, he presented his 
certificates of conformity to the Church of England and of 
loyalty to the crown, signed by his parish minister and a 
justice of the peace, and these, being approved and ac- 
cepted by the commissioners of emigration, of whom 
Archbishop Laud, \ of Canterbury, was president, he was 
permitted to embark on the ship Abigail commanded by 
Capt. Robert Hackwell. 

The Abigail must have been a stout, commodious vessel, 
judging by the enrollment of her passengers, made by the 
commissioners of emigration and filed in the Rolls Court, 
London. 

Among the 700 men, women and children, shipped 
for this voyage in eleven vessels appear some names which 
became prominent in New England and, indeed, in the 
United States, among the passengers aboard the Abi- 
gail were : 



I Appointed io the reigo of Charles I. 



13 The Almy Family. 



William Almy,* aged 34 years [husband], 

AuDRY Almy, aged 32 years [wife], , ^ , . 

Annis Almy, aged 8 years [daughter].  

Christopher Almy, aged 3 years [son]. 

John, Elizabeth, and Deane Winthrop, aged respect- 
ively, 27, 19 and 11, are also enrolled on the list of the 
Abigail's passengers. 

The date of sailing is not given but the ship could not 
have weighed anchor before the 10th of July, 1636, which 
is the date of enrollment of John Winthrop, son of the 
governor of Massachusetts Bay, but she seems to have 
landed her passengers safely in Boston on the 8th day of 
October of the same year. 

William Almy did not follow the fortunes of his fellow- 
passenger. John Winthrop, son of the governor, had been 
commissioned to establish a trading fort on the Connecti- 
cut River, and it would seem from this, that Almy had 
already formulated his plans and prepared for the recep- 
tion of his family at Sagus, near Lynn, Mass. 

In 1636 he gained a suit and secured judgment against 



*The names as they appear in the official record at London are 
"William Almond, Audry Almond, Annis Almy, Christopher EIraie." 
This was William Almy's second voyage to America. 



I 'I 



Tht Almy Family. 18 



the estate of David Johnson, but compromised the case 
with the widow, and on the same date, one Robert Way, 
was ordered to serve William Almy, until he had satisfied the 
sum of his indebtedness to him, which amounted to J[,\\\. 

On April 3, 1637, Almy, with nine other men was given 
liberty to view and locate a place which would comprise 
sufficient land for the maintenance of three score families, 
and in the same month he removed with his family to 
Sandwich, Mass. 

On April 16, 1640, he received a grant of eight and a 
half acres, but he seems not to have been satisfied with 
Sandwich as a place of abode, for he removed to Ports- 
mouth, R. I., in 1641, and on June 22, 1642, he sold his 
house and land in Sandwich to Edmund Freeman, of that 
place, in the consideration of ;^18. 

In 1644 he secured a grant of land at Wading River, 
and on January 5, 1656, he sold eight acres of it to Richard 
Bulgar. 

William Almy was a member of a sect known as 
"Friends," afterward designated as "Quakers" by Jus- 
tice Bennett, of Derby, in 1650, because George Fox, in 
one of his eloquent flights of oratory bade the people 
" quake at the word of the Lord." 



14 Th* A /my Family. 



The first use of this epithet, found in the records of 
parliament, was made in the journal of the House of Copi* 
mons in 1654.* 

Almy bOon became a prominent man in Portsmouth ; 
honest, intelligent and well-to-do, he was frequently ap« 
pointed to official stations in the town of his adoption. 

He was made a freeman in 1655 ; in 1656 he served on 
a jury; during the year between 1656 and 1663 he was 
commissioner. It was in this last year that Almy, now 
63 years of age, was one of four men to insure the prompt 
payment of the tax due from the town of Portsmouth to 
the government. In 1668 he served as foreman on a 
jury. 

Three children were born in America, to wit : John, 
Job and Catharine. (Christopher, the eldest son, was 
born in England, in 1632.) 

William Almy died in Portsmouth, on February 28, 
1677. 

The executors to his will, which was proved April 23, 
1677, were his sons, Christopher anu Job. 

His first provision was that his body should be laid 
beside that of his son, John, who had, presumably, fallen in 



'Life of George Fox. 



Thi Aimy Family. 1ft 



the Indian war raging at that time. In case that his 
wife should outlive him, William Almy devised to her the 
whole of the estate for life. Upon the death of his wife 
his son, Christopher, was to have half of the farm which 
adjoined the land he had given to his second son, John. 
To Job, his third son, he bequeathed the other half of the 
farm, with the dwelling house, orchards, etc.   
^ to his daughters, Anna* and Catharine he be- 
queathed each two parts of cattle and movables, and to 
Christopher and Job each one part. To Bartholomew 
West, son of his second daughter, Catharine, he left jQ 20 
to be paid to him equally by the executors when he should 
reach the age of 21. 

Annis, or Ann Almy, as the eldest daughter is variously 
called, married, in 1648, John Greene, of Warwick, R. I., 
a son of John and Joan Tattersall, of Warwick, and brother 
to James Greene the great-grandfather of Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene of Revolutionary fame. A history of the " Battles 
^ of the Revolution,"! has the following paragraph on page 
371: "After the defeat of Col. Stuart in command of 
the British forces, in South Carolina, September 8, 1781, 



*AoDa was born in England 1627. 
tBy Chaa. C. Coffin— Harper Bros. 



16 The Almy Family. 



people all over the country and across the water in England 
said, that next to Washington, stood Nathaniel Greene, 
of Rhode Island." 

John Greene, brother-in-law of Christopher Almy, was 
general recorder of Rhode Island, 1652; general solicitor, 
1657; attorney-general, 1657 to 1660; assistant, 1660 to 
1690, and deputy governor 1690 to 1700. 

Ann Almy Greene had eleven children, seven sons and 
four daughters. She died May 17, 1709, at the age of 
eighty-two. 

The late Brig-Gen. Thomas Lincoln Casey, United 
States Army, a distinguished engineer, is tenth in a direct 
line, through Ann Almy Greene, from William and Audry 
Almy. Gen. Casey is well known as the engineer who 
completed the building of the Washington monument and 
the war and navy department, and in 1894 was engaged 
in constructing the congressional library building at Wash- 
ington, D. C* 



•From the Washington D. C. Daily Post, May 10, 1895: "Brig. 
Gen. Thomas Lincoln Casey, chief of engineers of the army, [retired 
May 10, 1895, at the age of sixty-four years], is one of the most noted 
engineers of bis time, and his name has beun connected with many 
public works. He was a member of the West Point class of 1852, and 
among his classmates were Generals Henry W. Slocum, George Crook, 



The Almy Family. 17 



Later we find that Christopher Almy, of Newport, 
R. I., born December 26, 1669, a nephew of Ann Almy 
Greene (second son of Christopher Almy, Sr.,) married 
April 16, 1690, first, Joanna Slocum, born October 9, 1672, 
who was a member of the Greene family. 

Christopher, the eldest son of William Almy, Sr., mar- 
ried July 9, 1661, Eilizabeth Cornell, daughter of Thomas 
and Rebecci.of P6rtsmouth, R. I. They had nine children, 
but only three sons and four daughters reached maturity. 
Thomas Cornell, of Portsmouth, R. I., born in Hertford, 
England (father-in-law of Christopher Almy), was ensign 

Alexander McA. McCook and Jerome N. Bonaparte, a grandson of the 
brother of Napoleon. Gen. Casey had his first independent work on the 
Pacific coast, between 1859 and 1861, when he built a military road in 
Washington. He was very active in the war and had several important 
works. He became a captain in the early part of the rebellion and was 
breveted twice for meritorious service. He was with the North Atlantic 
squadron in the first expedition against Fort Fisher." Gen. Casey died 
at Washington, D. C, March 25, 1896. 

" The Magazine of New England History," Newport, R. I., Vol.11., 
1892, contains an article contributed by Gen. T. L. Casey, Washingtoo, 
D, C, on "Some Descendants of John Coggeshall, First President of 
the Province of Providence Plantations." And in Vol. III., 1898. by 
the same author is another article on the "Early Families of Casey in 
Rhode Island." The same magazine, Vol. II., 1892, has " Extracts 
from the Friend's Records, Portsmouth, R. I., relating to the families 
of Almy, Anthony and Borden. 



18 The Almy Family. 



1042 to 1644. Like his father, Christopher Almy, held a 
high position in the estimation of his townsmen, and occu- 
pied places of honor and distinction.* ' 

He was admitted a freeman in 1858. 

In company with many others he purchased, in 1667, 
a large tract of land of the Indians at Monmouth, N. J., 
(see appendix). On March 5, 1680, he and seven others 
bought Pocasset (Tiverton) lands for ;]^1,100, he having 
three and three-quarters (3^) shares of the whole 
thirty shares. The purchase was made of Gov. Josiah 
Winslow. Other lands in Tiverton were bought later by 
Job Almy, his brother, directly from the Indians, and this 
property is still in possession and occupied by one of 
the Almy descendants, who has the original deeds in his 
possession. 

February 27, 1690, Christopher Almy was elected 
governor of Rhode Island, but for reasons satisfactory to 



*" In an address made by certain inhabitants of Rhode Island and 
Providence plantations, bearing date July 16, 1686, to H. M. James II., 
for continuation of their privileges and liberties according to 
the charter, etc.," among the fourteen names signed to that petitica, 
the eighth signature appearing thereon, is the name of Christopher 
Almy. [Vide Rhode Island Colonial Records, Vol. III., pp 194- 
195.] 



The Altny Family, 19 



the Assembly, he refused to serve.* This was the first 
election held for governor since the deposition of Gov. 
Andros.f During this year, however, he w s appointed 
and acted successively as deputy and assistant to the 
general assembly. In 1692, he was made captain of militia, 
and in August, 1693, Christopher being in England as 



•The Newport (R. I.) Historical Magatint (p. 182) contains an ad- 
dress delivered before the Rhode Island Historical Society in March. 
1879, by H. E. Turner (of Newport), in which be quotes from the Rhode 
Island Colonial Records, Vol. III., p. 259, the following account of 

Almy's election : 

"February 27, 1690, this day our deputy governor and assistant 
within mentioned, with their assembly sat, and because Walter Clarke, 
(their governor) refused, they chose another governor, which was 
Christopher Almy, who refusing, they chose Henry Boll, who accepts 
and serves." 

The following extract is from Vol. III., pp. 260-261, of the Rnode 
Island Colonial Records : 

• * * "The governor elected was Mr. Christopher Almy, who 
being required, refused to serve in the place of governor, giving satis- 
fact6ry reasons to the assembly; whereupon the assembly went to election 
of another and chose Mr. Henry Bull governor • • • Mr. John 
Coggeshall, assistant, being sent for, appeared and refused to serve. 
wberi^upon the court proceeded to election of an assistant, in bis, Walter 
Newberry's room, and chose Mr. Christopher Almy, assistant." » • * 

fSir Edmund Andros, Governor of Rhode Island, was arrested and 
imprisoned in October, 1689. 



20 The Almy Family. 



messenger from Rhode Island, he delivered the address 
from that colony and his own petition to Queen Mary, 
stating that he was sent over to present their grievances 
and told how he had come over 4,000 miles to lay these 
matters before Her Majesty, and prayed that she grant 
such encouragement as she saw fit, etc. The address 
showed, that there were those who presumed to affirm that 
the persons commissioned by Gov. Andros ought to 
continue in service, until some specified order should be 
made by the Crown of England. 

In October, lii96, Almy was allowed ;^136, 10s. 8d. 
for his expenses in England for the colony's use. 

September 4, 1708, Christopher Almy registered his will 
which was proved February 9, 1713, ten days after hisdeath. 
There is a codicil to the will, bearing date September 17, 
1711, proved February 9, 1713. 

As the document is interesting and throws much light 
on the history of the family the following extract is made 
from J. O. Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode 
Island, p. 236. 

He names his son, Job, executor. He declares himself 
to be in his seventy-seventh year. To his eldest son, Wil- 
liam, he leaves, all housing and lands in Punkatest Neck, 



The Almy Family. 91 



Tiverton, other land, and negro Arthur. To son, Christo- 
pher, land in Pocasset purchase, Tiverton, land in Sapowet 
Neck and all lands in East New Jersey, not deeded before 
his decease. To his son, Job, all lands in Rhode Island, 
one-half upon the death of the testator and the other half 
upon the death of his wife, Elizabeth; also land in Tiverton 
and negro Ned. To his daughter Elizabeth, wife of John 
Leonard, ;;^40. To children of deceased daughter, Sarah, 
wife of Richard Cadman and afterward wife of Jonathan 
Merihew, he leaves 10s. to her first-born son, William, for 
the purchase of a bible. To her second son, Christopher 
Cadman, he leaves ;;^10. To the two sons, John and 
Thomas, sons of Merihew, he leaves ^^10 respectively. 
To his grandsons, Richard and Thomas Durfee, sons of his 
daughter Ann, he makes a legacy, and also makes provi- 
sion for his granddaughters, Mary Wodell and Amey Dur- 
fee. To his wife he leaves two negroes, Cumbo and 
Margaret; one year after the death of his wife these negroes 
to be freed and to have provided for them a bed, a cow and 
the use of twenty acres in Pocasset for their lives. Besides 
he leaves to his wife two cows, horses and the best feather- 
bed, and during life half the housing and lands in Rhode 
Island, half the fruit of the orchard and all the household 



32 Tkf Almy Family. 



goods. To three children of his deceased daughter, Rebecci 
Townsend, ;^40, divided equally at age. To his son, Job, 
he leaves the rest of the Pocasset land. 

The codicil provides that children not acccepting these 
terms shall lose their shares., Christopher died January 
SO, 1713. 

John, the second son of William Almy, Sr., was 
born in Portsmouth, R. I., and married Mary, daughter of 
James and Mary Cole, of Portsmouth. After his death, 
October 1, 1676, his widow married in 1877, John Pococke, 
a merchant. 

John Almy was an aspirant for honors and in 1668 he 
was appointed commissioner; on July 24, 1667, he was 
chosen lieutenant of a troop of horse;  in 1676 he served 



*It was the first military "troop of bor«e" orgaoized in Rhode 
Island. Gov. Andros and Benedict Arnold were among its active 
members. 

The map of a "portion of Plymouth Colony, Rhode Island,"— in 
Church's Annals of Philip's War— [Vol. I., p. 20] shows the location 
of Capt. Alray's house to be on the eastern shore of Portsmouth, near 
Fogland Point. 

The "History of King Philip's War"— by Benjamin Church (J. K. 
Wiggins, Boston. 1865) Vol. I., p. 20, says: "Capt. Church, be- 
tween March 11 to 13, 1676, arrived at Capt. John Almy's npon 
Rhode Island." Jbid.—Vo\. I., p. 29. "Almy, of Rhode Island, buys 
land of Capt. Church." 



Tht Almy Family. tS 



%% captain in King Philip's war, and wat one of the many 
who fell victims to the treachery of the Indians. lo 1671 
he was allowed ;£0 10s. for the use of his horse and man, 
in going to Plymouth on public business. 

One year previous to his death, he and his wife sold 
to Thomas Ward, of Newport, half a share of land at 
Seaconnet, for ;^7. 

The town councilmadehiswillon October 20, 1676; made 
the widow executrix, and left to her use all personal prop- 
erty after payment of debts; the court of Plymouth Colony 
gave her the administration of the estate in that colony and 
also his real estate there for life. 

John left no children, and although there was some diffi- 
culty between his widow and his brothers, Christopher and 
Job, with regard to the administration of the estate after 
her marriage to John Pococke, affairs were amicably 
settled. 

Job, the third son of William AlmVi Sr., born also in 
Portsmouth, married Mary, daugher of Christopher and 
Susanna Unthank of that town. 

Their first two children, twins, William and Christo- 
pher, were born January 20, 1664, and died the following 
March. Another, William, born 1665, died in infancy, but 



94 The Almy Family. 



five daughters and three sons grew to maturity and were 
named respectively: Susanna, Audry, Deborah, Catha- 
rine, John, Mary, Job and Anthony. In December, 1705, 
Mary married Samuel Snell and her brother, Job, married 
Bridget Sanford, by whom he had nine children. 

In 1660, Job Almy was on a jury in Plymouth Colony, 
in the case of James Pierce, of Boston, who "died by the 
immediate hand of God, thunder and lightning." In 
1670-72 he was deputy from Warwick, and on May 7, 1673, 
he was appointed commissioner to treat with the Indian 
sachems, in order to consult with them the best means of 
putting an end to the excesses of drunkenness and other 
vices, into which the Indians were being betrayed by civ- 
ilization. The sachems were : Mawsup and Ninecraft, 
of Narragansett, Philip of Mount Hope, Wetamo of Pocas- 
set, and Awashunks of Seaconnet. In 1673-76 he was an 
assistant. 

On March 5, 1680, Job and seven others bought Poca«- 
set lands for ^1,100, he having three and one-quarter 
(3^) shares (same as his brother Christopher) of the 
whole thirty shares. He died in 1684 and his widow mar- 
ried Thomas Townsend. 

He left to his widow all visible estate, while a widow, 



The Almy Family, 95 



to bring up the children till of age. To hit eldest sunriving 
son, John, born January 26, 1676, all lands and buildings in 
Portsmouth, reserving the best room for his widow; to son 
John he also left lands at Pocasset. To Job all the lands 
in Punkatest except a meadow. To his youngest son, 
Anthony, the land at Sepowit Neck, etc. To his youngest 
daughter he left money, and to the four eldest daughters 
a share of land in Pocasset. He left two negro slaves and 
some Indian servants, cattle, horses, and other farming 
accessories. 

He and his brother, Christopher, were among the pur- 
chasers of Pocasset (Tiverton) lands from the Indian 
sachems. They were then Plymouth colonists. These men 
were identified with the older and larger town of Freetown 
which included Fall River. Two years after the union of 
Plymouth with Massachusetts, the town was incorporated 
and received the name of Tiverton. 

The property then purchased by the Almy brothers is 
still in possession of one of Job's descendants, who bears 
the name of Almy. * f 



•"The History of King Philip's War." by Benj. Church. Vol. I.. 
p. 10, meDtioDS [this] "land owned by Samuel Almy and Horace 
Almy." 

t A letter from Samuel E. Almy, Tiverton. Four Corners, R. I. (to 



26 The Almy Family. 



It is at this place that the <' peas field " so graphically 
described by Capt. Benjamin Church, in his "Entertaining 
History," is located. In 1772 a party was sent out to 
identify the spot, which they located in the rear of the 
residence of Mr. Horace Almy, a little north of the Almy 
burying ground. There they found " Church's well," •• a 
spring, stoned round like a well," from which a little rivu- 
let trickled down to the sea, where Church had stopped to 
rest his men and water the horses before the battle of the 
peas field. 

They saw the "black rock " spoken of by Church, and 
the •' ruins of the stone house " on the bluff, upon which the 
Indians were perched to shoot the white man. Here, al- 
most opposite to the residence of Mr. Samuel Almy, at the 
terminus of the road leading to Fogland Ferry, the party 
fixed, with sufficient accuracy, the "fence of Capt. John 
Almy's peas field," where the fight took place, as being 
near the juncture of Fogland Point with Punkatest Neck. 



the compiler), dated March 16, 1897, says, " My late father, Samuel E., 
born February 18, 1800, son of Cook and Charlotte Almy, was one of 
the owners of the land on which the battle of the peas 6eld was fought. 
I am one of the present owners of the property. It has been passed 
down from Job Almy, third son of William, (born 1601) to the present 
generation." 



The Almy Family. «7 



Punkatees Neck is about two miles in length and not 
over one mile wide at the widest point. It is southwest of 
Tiverton, Pocasset, and was connected with Portsmouth by 
means of Fogland or Cadman's Ferry. The following is an 
extract from Capt. Benjamin Church's " Entertaining His- 
tory," describing the battle in Capt. Almy's peas field. 

" Now they passed into Punkatees Neck, and in their march dis- 
covered a large wigwam full of Indian truck, which the soldiers were 
loading themselves with until Mr. Church forbid it, telling them that 
they might expect soon to have their hands full of business without car- 
ing for plunder. Then crossing the head of the creek into the Neck, 
they again discovered fresh Indian tracks, very lately passed before 
them into the Neck. Then they got privately and undiscovered into the 
fence of CAPT. ALMY'S PEAS FIELD, and divided into two parties. 
Mr. Church, keeping one party with himself, sent the other with Lake, 
that was acquainted with the ground on the other side. Two Indians 
were soon discovered coming out of the peas field toward them, when Mr. 
Church and those that were with him concealed themselves by falling 
flat on the ground; but the other division, not using the same cautioo. 
were seen by the enemy, which occasioned them to run. Which, 
when Mr. Church perceived, he showed himself to them and called, 
telling them he desired but to speak with them, and would not hart 
them. But they ran, and Church pursued. The Indians climbed 
a fence, and one of them facing about discharged his piece, but withoat 
efiect on the English. One of the English soldiers ran up to the fence 
and fired upon him that bad discharged bis piece, and they concluded 



28 The Almy Family. 



by the yelling (bey beard tbat tbe Indian was wounded; bat tbe lodiant 
soon got into tbe tbickets, wbere tbej saw tbem no more for tbe present. 

Mr. Cburcb tben marcbing over a plain piece of ground where 
tbe woods were very tbick on one side, ordered bis little cooapany to 
march at a double distance to make as big a sbow as possible if they 
should be discovered. But before they saw anybody they were saluted 
with 3 volley of fifty or sixty guns. Some bullets came very sur> 
prisingly near Mr. Cburcb, who, starting, looked behind him, expecting 
to have seen half of tbem dead, but seeing tbem all on their legs and 
briskly firing upon the smokes of the enemy's guns, for tbat was all tbat 
was then to be seen, be blessed God, and called to bis men not to dis* 
charge all their guns at once lest tbe enemy should take advantage of 
such an opportunity to run upon tbem with their hatchets. 

The next motion was immediately into the peas field. When 
they came to the fence, Mr. Church bid as many as bad not discharged 
their guns to clap under the fence and lie close while the others at some 
distance in the field stood to load, hoping tbat if the enemy should creep 
to tbe fence to gain a shot at those tbat were charging their guns, they 
might be surprised by those that lay under the fence. But casting bis 
eyes to tbe side of tbe hill above them, the bill seemed to move, being 
covered over with Indians, with their bright guns glittering in tbe sun, 
and running in a circumference with a design to surround tbem. 

Seeing such multitudes surrounding him and bis little company, 
it put him upon thinking what was become of the boats tbat were ordered 
to attend him, and looking up he espied them ashore at Sandypoint, oa 
the island side of the river, with a number of horse and foot by them, 
and wondered what should be the occasion, until he was afterward in* 



Th« Almy Family. M 



formed that the boat* had been over that morning from the island and 
bad landed a party of men to fetch off some cattle and horses, bot were 
ambuscaded and many of them wounded by the enemy. 

Now our gentleman's courage and conduct were both pot to the 
test. He encourages bis men, and orders some to run and take a wall 
to shelter before the enemy gained it. 'Twas time for them now to 
think of escaping, if they knew which way. Mr. Church orders bis 
men to strip to their white shirts, that the islanders might know them 
to be Englishmen, and then orders three guns to be fired distinct 
hoping it might be observed by their friends on the opposite shore. 
The men that were ordered to take the wall, being very hungry, stopped 
awhile among the peas to gather a few, being about four rods from the 
wall. The enemy from behind it hailed them with a shower of bullets, 
but soon all but one came tumbling over an old hedge down the bank 
where Mr. Church and the rest were, and told him that his brother. 
Southworth, who was the man that was missing, was killed; that they 
saw him fall; and so they did see him fall, but it was without a 
shot, and be lay no longer than till he had an opportunity to clap a 
bullet into one of his enemies' foreheads, and then came running to his 
company. The meanness of the Englishs' powder was now their greatest 
misfortune, for they were immediately upon tnis beset with multiiodes 
of Indians, who possessed themselves of every rock, stump, tree or 
feucct that was in sight, firing upon them without ceasing, while they 
had no shelter but a small bank and bit of water fence. And, to add 
to the d;s;.dvantage, the Indians possessed themselves of the ruins of a 
stone house that overlooked them, and of the black rocks to the sooth- 
ward of them, so that now they had no way to prevent lying qnite open 



80 



The Almy Family, 



to some or other of the enemy, bot to heap op itonei befort 
them. I  

At length came over one of the boats from the island shore, bat the 
enemy plied their shots so warmly to her, as made her keep at some dis- 
tance. Mr. Church desired them to send their caate ashore to fetch 
them aboard, but no p>ersuasions or arguments could prevail with them 
to bring the canoe ashore, which some of the men perceiving, began to 
cry out for God's sake to take them oCF, for their ammunition was spent, 
etc. Mr. Church being sensible of the danger of the enemies hearing 
their complaints, and being madeacquainted with the scantiness of their 
ammunition, fiercely called to the boatmaster, and bid him either send 
bis canoe ashore or else be gone presently, or he would fire upon him. 

Away goes the boat, and leaves them still to shift for themselves. 
But then another difficulty arose. The enemy, seeing the boat leave 
them, were reanimated, and fired thicker and faster than ever. Upon 
which some of the men who were lightest of foot began to talk of an 
escape by fiigbi, until Mr, Church solidly convinced them of the imprac- 
ticableness of it, and encouraged them, yet told them that he had ob> 
served so much of the remarkable and wonderful presence of God 
hitherto preserving them, that encouraged him to believe with much 
confidence, that God would yet preserve them, that not a hair of their 
headsshould fall to the ground, bid them to be patient, courageous, and 
prudently sparing of their ammunition, and be made no doubt they 
should come oQ well yet, etc., until his little army resolved one and all 
to stay with and stick by him. One of them was pitching a fiat stone 
up on end before him in the sand, when a bullet from the enemy with 
a full force struck the stone, while be was pitching it on end, which put 



Tk« Almy Family. SI 



the poor fellow to a miserable start till Mr. Cborch called oa bim to ob- 
serve, bow God directed tbe ballets tbat tbe enemy coald aot bit bia 
wben in tbe same place, yet coald bit the stone, as it was erected. 

While they were making the best defense they coald against their 
nnmerous enemies, tbat made the woods ring with their constant yelling 
and shouting, night coming on, somebody they spied with a sloop ap tbe 
river as far as Gold Island, seemed to be coming down toward them. 

He looked ap and told them that succor was now coming, for be 
believed it was Capt. Golding, whom be knew to be a man for business, 
and would certainly fetch them o& if be came. The wind being fair 
the vessel was soon with them, and Cppt. Golding it was. Mr. Cbarcb 
as soon as they came to speak one with another desired him to ccme to 
anchor at such a distance that he might veer out bis cable and riie 
afloat, and let slip his canoe tbat it might drive ashore, which directions 
Capt. Golding observed; but the enemy gave bim such a warm salote 
tbat bis sails, color, and stern were full of bullet boles. 

The canoe came ashore, but was so small tbat she would not bear 
above two men at a time, and when two were aboard they turned her 
loose to drive ashore for two more, and the sloop's company kept the 
enemy in play the while. But when at last it came to Mr. Church's tarn 
to go abroad, he had left his hat and cutlass for the Indians; they should 
never have them to reflect upon him. Though be was much dissuaded 
from it, yet be would go fetch them. He put all the powder be bad left 
into his gun, and a poor charge it was, and went presenting bis gun at 
tbe enemy, until be took up what he went for, and at bis return he dis- 
charged bis gun at the enemy to bid them farewell for that time, but bad 
not powder enough to carry tbe bullet half way to them. 



83 The Almy Family. 



Two bullets from the enemy struck the canoe at be went aboard, 
one grazed the hair of his head, another struck in a small stake that 
stood right against the middle of his breast." 

" The History of King Philip's War," by the Rev. Increase Mather. 
D. D., also a history of the same war, by the Rev. Cotton Mather, 
D. D., printed by J. Munsell, Albany, N. Y., 1862, has the following 
account on page 60: * * * " but Capt. Church was got into a peas 
field, where he, with his fifteen men, found himself suddenly surrounded 
with an hundred and almost five times fifteen terrible Indians. * • • 
So they fought it out bravely that whole afternoon without the least 
hurt unto any of thei;- number, but with death given to as many as their 
number of their enemies. And at last, when their guns by qften firing 
were become unserviceable a sloop of Rhode Island fetched them off 

also." 

la the same book, on page 227, a letter from Capt. Nathaniel 
Thomas Mounthope, dated August 10, 1675, relating "An account of the 
fight with the Indians, August 1, 1G75," says: 

' ' We came to Pocasset about two hours after sunset, caused an alarm 
to be made to bring his (Capt. Henchman's) soldiers together, and next 
morning early, the last (day) of July (1675), in Mr. Almy's boat, with six 
files of English and sixteen Indians, v/afted toward Rehoboth." 

Catharine, the youngest daughter of William and Audry 
Almy, married Bartholomew West, son of Nathan West. 
She had four sons. The eldest, Bartholomew, is mentioned 
in the will of his grandfather, William Almy. 

William, Christopher Almy's eldest son, born October 



The Almy Family. S3 



27, 1666, was twice married. His first wife, the mother of 
his children, was Deborah, daughter of John Cook, of Ports- 
mouth. They had nine children, Mary, John, Job, Eliza- 
beth, Samuel, Deborah, Rebecca, Joseph and William, 

(twins). 

Job, born April 28, 1696, married Lydia Tillinghast, of 
East Greenwich. John, born October 10, 1692, married 
Anstice EUery, daughter of Hon. Benjamin Ellery. Eliza- 
beth, born November 14, 1697, married her cousin, Christo- 
pher Almy, born May 6, 1698, of Newport, R. I., son of 
Col. Job Almy and brother of Elizabeth, born August 1, 
1703, who married William Ellery. Samuel, born April 15, 
1701, married and had a sun, William, mentioned in the 
will of his grandfather. Rebecca, born October 14, 1704, 
married one Slocum; either Mary or Deborah married one 
Ellet, and had a daughter, Amey, mentioned in her grand- 
father's will. 

William Almy left considerable property, inventoried 
at ^7,600, consisting of money, real estate, live stock, 
negro slaves and farming implements. He owned land in 
Dartmouth, Tiverton, and at Cadman's Neck, Punketest, 
etc. He makes mention in his will of his two great- 
grandchildren, Elisha and Anstice Almy, children of bis 



I 'I  

84 ! The Almy Family, 



grandson, John, son of his son, John. To Benjamin, son of 
his son, John, he also makes a legacy. To his grandson, 
Job Almy, son of his daughter, Elizabeth, who married her 
cousin Christopher, he left j^200. To his grandson, Will- 
iam, son of Samuel, he leaves property in Dartmouth. His 
grandson, Gideon, son of his son, William, is mentioned ia 
the will of William Almy's widow, Hope Borden, 

This Gideon Almy was deputy from Tiverton to tho 
general assembly in 1776. 

William Almy died July 6, 1747, at the age of 82, and 
his widow died fifteen years later at the age of 77. 

He left something to each of his large family, but for 
the purposes of this research it is necessary to mention 
only the male descendants. 

Job, son of Christopher Almy, Sr., and younger 
brother of William, familiarly called " Colonel " Job,* was 
born October 10, 1675. He was twice married; first to 
Ann Lawton in 1696, and afterward to Abigail, widow of 
William Gardiner. By his first wife he had Christopher, 



•Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, p. 238; Lamb's 
History of New York, p. 74U. Records of Chamber of Commerce, Now 
York, p. 125. Annual Register Society of Colonial Wars, State of Now 
York (p. 58), 1895. 



Tht Almy Family. 85 



born May 6, 1698, who married hit cousin, Elizabeth, 
daughter gf William Alray and Deborah Cook; his daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, born August 1, 1703, died July 8, 1783, was 
married on January 3, 1723, to William, son of Abigail 
Wilkins and the Hon. Benjamin Ellery. She was the 
mother of the signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

This is not the only instance of a connection betv^een the 
families of Ellery and Almy. John, son of William Almy, 
Jr., had married Anstis Ellery, daughter of the Hon. Benja- 
min Ellery and sister to William, husband of Elizabeth 
Almy. They had four children, to wit; John, Anstis, Mary 
and Benjamin. John left two children, John and Benjamin. 

And again these families intermarried : Catharine, 
daughter of Benjamin and granddaughter of John, married 
Edmund Trowbridge Ellery, the grandson of Elizabeth 
Almy and William Ellery. 

Conrad C. Ellery,* of Auburn, Maine, was issue of this 
marriage. 

"Col." Job Almyf was appointed May 4, 1709, on a 

•Died in March, 1895. 

fThe followiDg extract is from a letter written (to the compiler) oa 
March 25, 1805. by W. W. Chapin. a member of the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society, Providence, R. I.: 

"Job Almy (according to Austin's), son of William and brother of 
of Christopher, died 1684. He was deputy from Warwick. 1670-72; com- 



36 The Almy Family, 



special council to assist the governor in the management 
and expediting of the expedition against Canada. Between 
the years of 1709 and 1726 he was made deputy from New- 
port to the general assembly. He was a wealthy merchant 
and a man highly respected for his integrity and generosity. 

He and his first wife were Quakers, but his second wife, 
Abigail Gardiner, nee Remington, was an Episcopalian. 

"Col." Job Almy,* we find to be the common ancestor 
of two families prominent in American history, grandfather 
to the signer of the Declaration of Independence, William 



mittee to treat with Indian sachems, 1673; assistant, 1673-4-5. There ii 
no mention in our (Rhode Island) published colonial records of bis hav- 
ing received any military commission, indeed, colonels were very rare 
in those days. We find plenty of majors and captains. Job is mentioned 
in the records so late as 1680 (not later), and then as before, simply as 
Mr. Job Almy. It was usual to give the military title if authorized. 
Job, son of Christopher (1675-1743). wai appointed captain in ijjd. 
I doubt that Job. son of William, had any military title by au- 
thority." A letter written on same date (to the compiler), by Amos Perry, 
secretary and librarian of the Rhode Island Historical Society, says: 
"Mr. W. W. Chapin, a most intelligent member of this society, has 
looked over the record and made the enclosed note (as above printed). 
I have looked over the records enough to verify his statements. Job 
Almy was a highly esteemed citizen. His name occurs repeatedly 
and the term commissioner was applied to him." 

♦"Bridget Thompson, wife of John Thompson, and daughter of 
Col. Job Almy, of Tiverton, in the colony of Rhode Island, died May 
15, 1759, age 43, buried in the old cemetery at Middletown, Conn." 



The Almy Family. 87 



EUery, and great-great-grandfatber of the late Rear- 
Admiral John Jay Almy, United States Navy. 

John Jay Almy, of Washington, D. C, was named and 
christened John Jay, after the first chief justice of the 
United States Supreme Court, was born April 24, 1815, 
died on May 16, 1895; was twice married. By his first 
marriage he had five children,viz.; Charles G., Augustus C, 
William E., Annie and Sarah. His second wife was Alida 
Armstrong Gardner, daughter of Col. Charles K.Gardner, of 
Georgetown, D. C. Annie married Lieut. John C. Haines, 
fifth regiment of cavalry of the United States Army. 
Augustus C. is a lieutenant in the United States Navy and 
a charter member of the Floridacommandery of the military 
order of foreign wars of the United States. William E. is 
a first lieutenant in the Fifth Cavalry, A. A. Q. M., United 
States Army. 

Upon the death of ex-President Rutherford B. Hayes, 
in January, 1893, who was commander-in-chief of the Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion, Rear Admiral J. J. Almy, 
as the vice commander, became the acting commander* 
in-chief for the remainder of the year. 

The following item is from the Washington, D. C, 
Daily Post of May 17, 1895: 



S8 Tht Almy Family i 



"John J. Almy was bom in Rhode Island 00 April 24, 1819, and en* 
tered the United States Navy as a midshipman in 1629. He rose through 
the saccessive grades to be commodore on December 80, 1869, and rear 
admiral August 24, 1873. As midshipman and lieutenant he cruised 
all over the world in the old sailing navy, was at the surrender of Walker 
and his filibusters at Nicaragua, and commanded the Fulton in theexpe- 
dition of Paraguay, was at the siege of Vera Cruz and the capture of 
Tuxpan during the Mexican war, and at the navy yard, Brooklyn, in 
1861-62. As commander during the Civil war he bad charge successively 
of the gunboats South Carolina, Connecticut and Juanita. While in 
command of the Connecticut he captured four noted blockade runners 
with valuable cargoes [adjudged worth 11,063,352.49], and ran ashore 
and destroyed four others. He commanded the South Atlantic squadron 
until 1867, and was then assigned to the Brooklyn navy yard, then the 
signal corps, and after a cruise in the Pacific in 1876 he was presented 
with the Order of Ka-ueKameha by King Kalakaua of the Hawaiian 
Islands as an acknowledgment of the courtesies shown to the latter during 
his passage on vessels of the Admiral's squadron to and from the 
United States. " He was retired on April 24, 1877. [A war paper, No. 9, 
Incidents of the Blockade, 1861-65, was prepared, in pamphlet form, 
by Companion Admiral Almy, and read by him, at the stated meeting 
on February 3, 1892, of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States Commandery of the District of Columbia, at Washington, 
DC] 

William Almy, brother of Rear Admiral J. J. Almy's 
grandfather, Job, was an enterprising merchant of Provi- 



The Almy Family. St 



dence, R. I. He was a Quaker and married Miss 
Brown, a sister of Moses and Obadiah. He established 
the first cotton manufactory in Pawtucket and, under the 
firm name of Almy, Brown & Slater, did a flourishing busi- 
ness in cotton goods. 

An incident of his Quaker simplicity and conciseness is 
recounted by the late Rear Admiral Almy as follows : 

"When Gen. Washington, as President, visited Provi- 
dence, R. I., different societies and deputations called upon 
him to pay their respects. The chairman would advance 
and make an address of welcome, occupying from five to 
ten minutes, dilating upon His Excellency's virtues and 
services. The deputation of Quakers was headed by Will- 
iam Almy, who advanced toward Washington, extended 
his hand and said: 

"Friend Washington, we are glad to see thee." 

Anna A. Jenkins, of Providence, R. I., his only daughter, 
was born September, 1790. She was a Quaker and in- 
herited a large fortune. Early in life Anna manifested a 
taste for preaching and soon became an acknowledged ex- 
pounder of the doctrines of her sect. She traveled in the 
United States and in Europe, preaching the word of God 
from the Friends' standpoint. 



40 



The Almy Family. 



Mrs. Jenkins founded a school and an orphan asylum for 
colored children in Providence. Her charities were not 
confined to this benefaction but were distributed in innu- 
merable ways with unsparing hand and with so much mod- 
esty and unselfishness that many of her noble deeds are 
recorded only in heaven, ' 

Her death was particularly sad. On the morning of 
November 20, 1849, her house was discovered to be on fire. 
Flames had already enveloped the building, and before 
rescue arrived she and her daughter perished in the con- 
flagration. 

It is often asserted that the Friends, as a sect, were 
averse to any participation in the Revolutionary war, but 
we find that at the general yearly meeting held by the 
Friends in Philadelphia, in 1774, a letter was formally ap- 
proved and ordered to be sent to all meetings of Friends in 
America, warning the members of that society not to 
depart from their peaceful principles by taking part in any 
of the political matters, reminding them that under the 
king's government they had been favored with a peaceful, 
prosperous enjoyment of all their rights and would disown 
all members who disobeyed the order issued by the yearly 
meeting. 



The Almy Family. 41 



This letter was generally obeyed by most of the older 
members of the sect, but not by all; many of the younger 
members took an active part, declaring " that they should 
render duty to their government of willing obedience, so 
also they owed it their active support when threatened by 
invasion.   * While agreeing with their elders as 
to the wickedness of aggressive war and needless 
~ strife, they took the ground that it would be inconsistent 
to accept the support of the Continental congress and 
armies and refuse to aid them by every possible means. 
   They served actively in the armies on the 
American side; they appeared in the committee of public 
safety; they were seated in the Legislature; they were con- 
cerned in the printing of the Continental money; and they 
gladly gave to the cause out of their purses and stocks of 
goods. Nor was it only by the men that these services 
were rendered; the women attended their husbands to the 
wars, and it is still remembered that during the battle of 
Trenton the wives of the Quaker soldiers helped on the 
battlefield to bandage the wounded, and the flags that 
were carried by the American armies were made by a 
Quaker woman. * *  On June 13, 1777, the Legis- 
lature of Pennsylvania passed a law commanding all resi- 



42 The Almy Family. 



dents to forthwith appear before the justices or other 
officers qualified to take oath or affirmation of allegiance 
to the State of Pennsylvania and the United States, and 
abjure forever all allegiance to the king and government of 
Great Britain. This brought the issue fairly and fully 
before the Society of Friends. The leaders of that society 
stood firm to the letter of the yearly meeting of 1774, and 
generally failed to comply with the law.    Some 
took the oath secretly, but some young Friends *  * 
attended publicly before the justices, and openly and will- 
ingly complied with the law. Among these was Samuel 
Wetherill, Jr., who was a minister or public speaker at 
the meetings of Friends, and also a very active man of 
affairs. Not only did Samuel Wetherill publicly take the 
oath of allegiance, but his public speech and ready pen 
were actively enlisted for the American cause. * * * 
In 1775 he joined with Christopher Marshall and several 
other enterprising men in founding the first factory for 
weaving cloth in the colony, and when war" broke out 
this factory was in active operation. The cloth woven 
by this factory was also supplied to the army, and it is 
said that a timely shipment of these supplies to the little 
army at Valley Forge saved it from disbanding.    



TA* Almy Family, 49 



This action of Friends does not seem to have been con- 
fined to Philadelphia and its vicinity. Elsewhere in the 
colonies, notably in Maryland and Massachusetts, many 
Quakers were disowned for their service in the cause of 
their country." 

Among these were: "Timothy Matlock, who was a 
colonel in the army and a member of the Committee of 
Public Safety.    William Crispin, who was com- 
missary in Gen. Washington's army; Clement Biddle, who 
was disowned as early as 1776 for studying to learn the art 
of war; he afterward served as quartermaster general for 
the army under General Gates at Valley Forge and else- 
where; Owen Biddle, his brother, who was a member of 
the Legislature; Benjamin Say, a well-known physician; 
Joseph Warner, who served in the army, and who was at 
the battle of Trenton; Peter Thompson, employed by Con- 
gress to print the Continental money; Nathaniel Browne, 
Isaac Howell, Moses Bartram, Jehu Edridge and Jona- 
than Schofield. * *  Among the women the most 
famous were Lydia Darragh and Elizabv^th Ross, who after- 
ward married John Claypoole. Elizabeth Claypoole was 
employed in Gen. Washington's household, and it is 
quite certain that the first American flags used in the army 



44 The Almy Family. 

were made by her. The order of Congress directing her 
to be paid for this service has been preserved. She was 
familiarly known as < Betsy ' Claypoole. She died in 1833. 

  * Lydia Darragh's house was used by certain 
British officers as their headquarters during the English 
occupation of Philadelphia, and she accidentally overheard 
them in council of war plan a surprise by night of Gen. 
Washington's army, then encamped at White Marsh. She 
escaped from the city and made information of the intended 
attack to the American officers, thus saving it, and prob- 
ably also the cause of her country, from destruction. * * 

* Samuel Wetherill continued actively in the ministry 
until his eighty-first year. * » * He was succeeded by 
his son, of the same name, who, in turn, was succeeded by 
his son, John Price Wetherill, who, after worshiping alone 
for several years, closed the meeting for the last time, and 
meeting for religious worship by the Free Quakers ceased 
about 183C." 

The preceding is an extract from an article by Charles 
Wetherill, in the American Monthly, the organ of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, for November, 
1894. 

Benjamin Almv, materz^al grandfather of Conrad C. 



The Almy Family. 45 



Ellery, was in the Revolutionary War; he was imprisoned 
in England for over twenty months and was finally released 
through the interposition of Benjamin Franklin. His 
daughter, Katherine, married Edmund Trowbridge Ellery. 

This family had in its possession, a handsome bed quilt 
made by Anstiss Ellery, daughter of the Hon. Benjamin 
Ellery, and wife of John Almy. This quilt, finished in the 
year 1084, before her marriage, was made of a rich piece 
of heavy blue silk on one side, while the reverse was chintz, 
and was beautifully stitched with thousands of evenly set 
stitches. • ' 

When George Washington visited Rhode Island in the 
last century, perhaps on the very occasion when William 
Almy headed the Quaker deputation and bade " Friend 
Washington" welcome, this bedquilt, with its innumerable 
fine stitches, was made historical by having been & )read 
upon the bed occupied by the president in the house of 
Benjamin Almy at Newport. So impressed was Gen. Wash- 
ington by this piece of handiwork that, having exam- 
ined it closely, he sent his servant for a large sheet to 
cover it, lest some accident should befall it. 

In 1877, when President Rutherford B. Hayes was en- 
tertained by Gov. Van Zandt, in Providence, R. I., Mr. 



46 The Almy Family. 



Conrad C. Ellery offered the quilt to the governor for the 

use of his guest. 

Gen. Hayes, fully as careful as the "Father of his 

Country," had the quilt carefully covered to preserve it on 

the second occasion of its use, and later sent Mr. Ellery the 

following pleasant note in recognition of the compliment: 

ExBcuTivB Mansion, Washington. D. C, \ 

July 4, 1877. \ 

Mr. ConbadC. Ellbrv, Providbncb, R. I.— dy Dear Sir: " I write 

to tbaok you for the honor of sleeping under the beautiful historic quilt, 

once used by Washington in Newport many years ago, Tba quilt, the 

cordial welcome of the good people of Rhode Island, the many pleasant 

surroundings, all combined to secure sweet sleep and pleasant dreams. 

Accept my thanks, and believe me your friend sincerely." 

R. B. Hayes. 

The accompanying letter from Mr. Ellery's mother gives 
an interesting history of this ancient relic. 

" My Dear Son: As it is your wish and request to have some ac- 
count of the elegant blue silk bed quilt given you by your aunt and my 
sister, Anstis Ellery Johnston, I will gratify you and inform you that it was 
wholly wrought by your great-grandmolher, Anstis Ellery, before her mar- 
riage to your great-grandfather, John Almy, my honored father's father. 

The year she finished it is marked on said quilt curiously by her 
(1684). 

Your great-grandmother, Anstis Ellery Almy, knowing her 
son disliked two names, was so fearful that Ellery would not be added, 



The Almy Family. At 



that 00 the day the infant was carried to Trinity cborcb, Newport, to 
be baptized, November 30, 1708, she tent a woman privately to listen to 
assure her of the fact; and when the babe was aload named Anstis Ellery 
and carried home and placed in her grandmother's arms, she blessed 
and embraced her and laid her on this wonderful bed qoilt. with rich. 
old-fashioned ornaments, and sent her to my mother's chamber with a 
heart much gratified that the babe bore her name. She was then eighty 
years old, and lived two years. 

To you, my son, the value of this ancient, beaatifnl silk qailt will 
be greatly increased when you are informed by me that President Wash- 
ington slept under it in my father's house, in Newport, R. I., 
and be is the only person that ever did ; and, after long examining it, 
sent his servant for a large sheet to cover it, least (sic) any accident 
might injure the same. 

What care did the blessed man evince, though unconscious of its 
antiquity I 

While giving you this important record will add the ages of yoor 
grandparents: 

Your grandfather, William Ellery, lived to be ninety-three. 

Your grandfather, Benjamin Almy, lived to be ninety-five years, as 
erect as man could be, and the handsomest old man I ever saw in my life. 

My sainted mother, Mary Gould Almy, departed life at seventy-two. 

And your own mother, that writes these particulars, is now eighty- 
four years and eleven months." 

Will only add Katubrini Ellibv. 

Providsncb, January 16, 1865. 



-48 The Almy Family. 



Job Almy, son of William Jr., born April 28,1696, mar- 
ried Lydia Tillinghast, of East Greenwich, July 18, 1717. 
They had nine children, to wit: Deborah, Freelove, 
Samuel, Joseph, Job, Lydia, Thomas, Christopher and 
Hope, 

Thomas, the fourth son, was born November 6, 1736, 
and was the father of Samuel Almy, who was born in Mas- 
sachusetts, March 8, 1778. Samuel was educated in the 
schools of Massachusetts and was proficient in the higher 
mathematics. Grown to manhood and thirsting for adven- 
ture, in company with a friend, he tramped to the limits of 
a then unexplored country — central New York. In that 
picturesque locality, between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes, . 
the young men came upon a settlement and tarried for a 
few days to rest. Here they met Jacobus Rappleye, who 
had come from New Brunswick, N. J. 

He had a large family. The youngest daughter, 
Jane, with sweet face and laughing eyes, at- 
tracted the attention and captivated the heart of young 
Almy. Their stay was prolonged from day to day in- 
terrupted at times, by the further explorations of the two 
young men. After waiting some months Almy, inspired 
by a strong desire to have a permanent home, made a 



The Almy Family, 4» 



clearing, built a log cabin, hollowed out the stump of a 
large white oak for a mill, in which to grind bis com, and 
offered himself and his worldly possessions to comely Jane 
Rappleye. 

They were married November 1, 1801. In the list of 
her trousseau we find mention of the following articles : 
Twelve short gowns, twelve gored skirts, one blue silk 
dress, one white mull, embroidered in large flowers, and 
twelve turbans, high as could be, called "bee-hives." 

Skilled in the higher mathematics, Samuel Almy 
was engaged by the government to survey many 
places in western New York. He was selected by the 
government to join Clark's surveying party for the purpose 
of locating and defining the boundaries of the States now 
known as Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, then called the 
•' Great Wabash Country." He was called into service 
during the war of 1812, and was thereafter known as 
«'Capt." Almy.* 



*Mr. Samael Almy was called out for active daty, in an emergency,. 
and organized a militia company in bis neighborhood, to meet an antici- 
pated attack of the British, in that part of the State. His name "basnet 
been found on the rolls, on file in the War Department (at Washington), of 
any New York military organization in service during the war of 1812." 
[Compiled from a statement made by his eldest son, Ira Almy.] 



50 



The Altny Family. 



Like the majority of the Almy family, Samuel had been 
brought up a Quaker, but was '* read out " of the society 
for marrying out of the fold. The same thing happened 
in the case of another Samuel Almy (born March 19, 
1780), father of the late Rear Admiral John Jay 
Almy. 

Samuel Almy died August 14, 1825. He had a large 
family, to wit : Ira, Silvester, Milton Genoa, Lusally, 
Clarinda, Calista B., James G. and Polly Ann. His widow, 
born February 19, 1780, survived him thirty-eight years; 
died February 2, 1863. 

Early in the century, life on the beautiful inland lakes 
of central New York was not as it is to-day. The country 
round about was sparsely settled, the forests were dense, 
roads nearly unknown and the snowfalls of the winter sea- 
son very heavy. Almost the only means of communication 
with the other settlements in the vicinity was by frail 
canoe on the too often turbulent lakes, and privations had 
to be endured by the stalwart settlers. 

Samuel Almy finally bought a farm from Mr. Boudinot 
and many years afterward laid it out in lots, called it Far- 
merville and built the largest house at that time to be 
found between Geneva and Ithaca. Le Fevre, the architect 



The Almy Family. 51 



and author of the " Treatise on Architecture/' was the 
builder and personally superintended the work. 

Mr. Almy was an influential man in that section of the 
country and was, at one time, high sheriff of Seneca county. 
He left a considerable estate, which was divided among 
his surviving children. The following excerpt printed in 
1868 in a weekly newspaper, the Ovid (Seneca county) Bee, 
gives this description of the town (Farmerville) founded 
by Samuel Almy: 

" Among the pleasant places ia oar coanty (Seneca) there is none 
that surpasses Farmerville in point of beauty or the Intelligeace of Its 
people. 

" Located on the western bank of Cayuga lake, with the command- 
ing view of the lake and surrounding country, we know of oo place 
more favored by nature than this. Some of the finest farms in western 
New York are in this immediate vicinity, and great taste is displayed by 
the farmers in erecting their bouses and barns and in cultivating the 
soil; in fact, they have elevated their occupation to the dignity of a 
science. They are ready at all times to exchange views, impart and re« 
ceive valuable sugf^estions relating to agriculture, and by associating to- 
gether become better acquainted and extend to one another those social 
and professional amenities which add so much to the enjoyment of indi- 
vidual life." 

Samuel Almy's eldest son Ira, born September 15, 1802, 
at Ovid, Cayuga county (now Seneca), N. Y., was an enter- 



52 The Almy Family. 



prising dry goods merchant and grain shipper at Kidder's 
Ferry, Cayuga Lake. Boat builder and owner of a line of 
canal boats, by which he forwarded consignments of grain 
and produce to Syracuse before the construction of the 
Erie canal, and when that great enterprise was com- 
pleted was the owner of the second canal boat that ever 
passed through the canal. 

He was identified with the benevolent and religious in- 
terests of the community and was one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the Masonic fraternity in the State; was a charter 
member in 1825 of the Farmerville lodge, and during the 
anti-Masonic (Morgan) excitement in 1826-28 he pre- 
served in safety the lodge jewels. 

In 1845 was one of the projectors of the then unbuilt 
town of Farmer Village, about one-half of which has since 
been built on his father's farm. Was a life-long democrat 
and a delegate from Seneca County to the democratic na- 
tional convention held in Chicago, in 1864, voting for Gen. 
George B. McClelland for presidential candidate. 

He held a number of town offices including the highest, 
that of supervisor, and was superintendent of the poor for 
Seneca County. 

He was probably more familiar than any of his contem- 



The Almy Family, 63 



poraries with the early history of the town in which he 
lived and his reminiscences were of exceeding interest and 
value. He aided in compiling the history of Seneca 
County, and in the preparation of several historical sketches 
of the town and village. 

He loved little children, was kind to the poor and needy, 
and felt an interest in all that pertained to the welfare of 
the community in which he lived. "A man who loved his 
fellow men." 

February 2, 1826, Ira married Mary, daughter of 
William Mundy, of Farmerville. Ira died November 12, 
1884; three children survived him, viz.: Samuel, of Tru- 
mansburg, N. Y, ; Josephine, who married February 24, 
1847, Dr. C. E. Swift, of Auburn, N. Y.; and Sarah, wife 
of W. T. Hopkins (died April, 1897), of Benton Harbor, 
Mich. Adele, daughter of Josephine and C. E. Swift, 
married Horace \. Knapp (born October 7, 1848), who is 
one of the proprietors of the Auburn, N. Y., Daily Journal. 
Sylvester, born September 4, 1804, the second son, was a 
local politician and died a bachelor. 

Milton Genoa, born at Farmerville on October 4, 
1806, married Sarah Wilcox, of Hartford, Conn. Had two 
children, Miranda, born June 4, 1836, and Miles, born 



54 The Almy Family. 'T 



March 8, 1839. He was called " Prof." Almy because of 
his personal observations and researches for over a quarter 
of a century, as an entomologist. He gathered a large 
and varied collection of insects, and contributed to the 
public journals, many interesting articles on this sub- 
ject. 

He died at the home of his daughter in Newburg, 
N. Y., February 2, 1882. 

The following extract was published in 1861, in a 
Seneca Falls, N. Y., weekly newspaper: 

" One of the pleasantest features of our visit on this occasion [of a 
joaroey to Farmerville] was an inspection of the laboratory of M. G. 
Almy, a wealthy gentleman of that village, who has for twenty years de- 
voted great attention to entomological investigations and research, Hit 
laboratory is arranged in the neatest manner with thousands of speci- 
mens of various insecti. Mr. Almy is an enthusiast on the subject, and 
his scientific collection is a valuable one." 

His son, Miles, settled in Chicago in 1860, reading law 
for five years, afterward engaging in the real estate busi- 
ness; married April 20, 1864, Gertrude Curtis, of Marcel- 
lus, N. Y. His youngest daughter, Helen, died January 
14, 1883. The eldest daughter, Edith E., married on 
October 17, 1896, Joseph Adams, a member of the firm of 
John Adams & Sons, Chicago. 



Tht Alttiy Family. 55 



M. G. Almy's daughter, Miranda, married April 13, 
1864, William E. Bartlett, of Newburg, N. Y. He died 
October 19, 1892. Had three children, to wit: Frederick 
William, who married Mary Chittenden Hall, daughter of 
Rev. William. K. and Anna B. Hall. Harry Almy, who 
married Irene Moore, daughter of Hugh and Henrietta 
Moore, have two children, Walter Almy and Irene. The 
youngest son of William and Miranda is George C. 

Miranda was a fine vocalist and composer of some 
popular melodies which were published in 1862. Mrs. 
M. A. Bartlett furnishes the following history of Washing- 
ton Place and the old family homestead which has been 
occupied by the Bartlett family for four successive gen- 
erations: I 

•* The name Washington was given to it by Gen. 
Washington himself, at the time he established his head- 
quarters there during the years 1779-81. 

" This house, as we have the knowledge from the de- 
scendants of its early settlers since 1684, was built for Gen. 
Washington's occupancy — it being on the land surround- 
ing the old stone house known as Washington's head- 
quarters for officers and men. It was rebuilt in 1824 and 
again occupied by the McLeod family. In 1848, my late 



66 The Almy Family, 



husband's father, Thomas Bartlett, purchased the house 
and grounds known as No. Washington Place. He re- 
built again with modern improvements, but the original oak 
beam and timbers are now, as in 1684, on the first and 
second floors, apparently as strong and good as ever. 
Gen. Winfield Scott also made that house his home while 
he was in Newburg on military duty, during the war of 
1812. It is still owned and occupied by a member of the 
Bartlett family." 

Lusally, eldest daughter of Samuel Almy, born Febru- 
ary 24, 1808, married George W. Randall, of Canoga, N. Y.; 
at her death left one child. She died January 3, 1836. He 
died August 3, 1892. 

Clarinda, born January 26, 1814, the second daughter 
of Samuel, married, in 1834, E, Sanford Smith, of 
Albion, N. Y., they moved to Cassopolis, Mich., where 
he was appointed district attorney. They subsequently 
settled in Chicago in 1848, where he purchased land and 
erected a law office building known as 108 and 110 Adams 
Street, and occupied as a home the adjoining building, 
No. 112 (the present site of the Chicago post office 
and custom house building). They had no children. 
Clarinda died April 13, 1878 (and was interred in Oakwood 



The Almy Family. 57 



Cemetery^ Chicago), her husband died February 22, 1879. 

Clarinda soon after locating in Chicago united by letter 
with the First Baptist Church, thee standing on the south* 
east corner of La Salle and Washington Streets, opposite the 
court house. She was beloved for her charity and respected 
for her faithfulness in all church duties and appointments. 

Mrs. Smith was one of the original seventy, who 
organized the Women's Christian Temperance Union of 
Chicago, in 1874, and prominently identified with its early 
work, as vice president, and one of the active members of 
the central committee. 

At her funeral services (held in the First Baptist 
Church, southeast corner of South Park Avenue and Thirty- 
first Street), Chicago, at the close of the sermon, by the 
pastor, Rev. Dr. W. W. Everts, three ladies, respectively: 
Miss Frances E. Willard, Mrs. T. B. Carse, president, and 
Miss Lucia E. F. Kimball, chosen representatives of the 
Women's Christian Temperance Union, (nearly three hun- 
dred members of which were present,) delivered brief ad- 
dresses on the exemplary life and Christian character of 
Mrs. Smith.* 

« Vide Fifth Annual Report, p. 8, September 27. 1878. of W. C. T. 
Union. 



58 Tkt Almy Family. 



The following extract is taken from the remarks made 
by Miss Frances E. Willard :♦ 

"* * * Gazing upon this tranquil face, looking into jour eyea 
dear sisters of our anion, who loved so well her who bat left us, I can 
otter no sad words. I know she is glad to see us here, grouped around 
ber as before, for I feel sure, she is not far away. It is as she would 
have desired, no formal words, no stately ceremonies, only grouped 
with those who stood nearest by right of lifelong ties, the band of 
women who knew and loved her best. • » • 

"We will miss ber winning smile, the gentle face and kind voice, 
from our daily gospel meetings. *  • 

"Our dear friend was a most faithful worker. In the early days 
when I was president of our union, no one stood by me more steadily 
in the every-day duties of a temperance worker. She was willing 
to go to dingy garrets and damp basements seeking out the tempted, the 
discouraged, or the desolate. Every request for such help was met by 
her bright smile and cheery promise 'to go this very day,' for she 
never procrastinated in work like this. Our union brings its floral 
tribute— a flower-wreathed sickel and sheaf. Never were such sym- 
bolic honors more worthily bestowed." 

Calista B., born May 11, 1810, the third daughter 
of Samuel, married September 19, 1839, Jacob D. 
Winterstein, of Farmerville, N. Y. (formerly of New 
Jersey). Upon her death, November 6, 1858, left two sons, 



^Miss Willard is president of the National W. C. T. Union. 



The Almy Family. 59 



John and Franklin Pierce, and a daughter, Jennie, who 
married Rev. Samuel Crane, D. D., a Universalis! min- 
ister, now residing at Sycamore, 111. John died in early 
manhood. Franklin P. resides at Hillsdale, Mich. 
Jacob D. was appointed postmaster at Farmerville by 
President Franklin Pierce, and again appointed postmaster 
at the same place by Grover Cleveland. He died on 
M«*rch 20, 1894. 

James G., born January 9, 1818, youngest son of 
Samuel, married April 14, 1847, Luna F. Wilcox, of Hart- 
ford, Conn. Born May 9, 1819, died February 13, 1870. 
The eldest daughter Grace Curtis, born February 17, 1850, 
died in 1876; the second daughter, Jessie C, was born Octo- 
ber 9, 1856. The son, Albert Curtis, Ph. D.,of the alumni 
of Cornell College and university of the city of New York, 
is a writer on metaphysical subjects. He was born Febru- 
ary 11, 1848, resides at Hempstead, Long Island, N. Y. 
Prof. Almy married Annie Bayles, of Port Jefferson, 
N. Y. 

Polly Ann,* the youngest daughter of Samuel Almy, 



*A biographical sketch of Polly Ann Almy Miller was printed on 
pp. 208-214 inclusive, in the February number, 1894, of The American 
Monthly Afagatine, Washington, D. C. 



60 



Tht Almy Family. 



born September 16, 1820, married in 1846 Y. WoodhuU 
Miller, born 1816, Monroe, Orange County, N. Y. He 
was a dry goods merchant at Lodi, Seneca County, N. Y., 
and appointed postmaster by President Franklin Pierce; 
v/as an active member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and noted for his generosity and integrity. In 
October, 1858, moved with his wife and family, consisting 
of two sons, James A., Charles K., and daughter, Jennie 
Eva, to Dunton (now Arlington Heights), Cook County, 
111., where he engaged in the dry goods and grain 
shipping business, under the firm name of Dunton & Miller 
(afterward Dunton, Miller & Brooks). He was a delegate 
from Cook County to the National Republican Convention 
in 1860, voting for Abraham Lincoln for presidential can- 
didate. In October, 1863, removed with his family to 
Chicago, residing at 114^Adams Street (present location of 
the Chicago post-office and government building). He 
retired from business, and died at Monroe, N. Y., in 
April, 1882. 

His wife united with the First Baptist Church, Chicago, 
in October, 1858, by letter from the Farmerville (N. Y.) 
Baptist Church. Was one of the seventy women who 
organized the Women's Christian Temperance Union of 



The Alma Family. 61 



Chicago (in 1874), and was also an active member of the 
union for nearly fifteen years. This work was interrupted 
by changing her residence in 1889 to Washington, D. C, 
where she became a member of the National Society of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Press 
Club, Short Story Club, Travel Club and the National 
Geographic Society. 

Mrs. Miller was one of the "fifty women of the Chicago 
Women's Christian Temperance Union, chosen to go 
before the common council of the city of Chicago, on 
Monday evening, March 16, 1874, to present a petition and 
protest against legalizing the sale of intoxicating drink on 
the Sabbath." 

The following extract, is taken from pp. 103-106 
of the book called " A Brave Battle," by Lucia E. F. Kim- 
ball, published in 1888. 

"A meeting was called for prayer io the Clark Street Methodist 
Church, corner of WashiDgtoo Street, Friday afternoon, March 13, 1874. 
It was there decided to circulate a petition to the comtnon coaocil 
against the repeal of the " Sunday Liquor Ordinance," the closing of the 
saloons on the Sabbath. Before the following Monday evening 16,000 
names were obtained to the petition by a few devoted women. 

Monday afternoon (16th) they gathered again in the Clark Street 
Church and for three hours continued in prayer and conference. The 



62 The Altny Family. 



police refused them protection aod they went ont, two by two, led by 
two eroineDt ministers* to the council chamber. At 8 o'clock, when a re- 
quest was made by Alderman Campbell to defer for half an hour in order 
that the ladies present might have time to present their petition, cries of 
"No, no!" greeted the motion. And thee followed a scene which the 
pen falters to record as ever having been enacted in a civilized land. 
Ribald jests and witless innuendo embellished the speeches of those who 
opposed the reception of this petition, and every vestige of manhood 
seemed lost in their abject subservience to the interest of the liquor 
traffic, albeit its actors were the city fathers set for the keeping of most 
sacred trusts. Notwithstanding plea and protest, the amended ordi* 
nance opening the saloons on Sunday was passed, twenty-two voting 
for it and fourteen against it." 

The daughter, Jennie Eva, born Dec. 17, 1854, evinced 
marked ability as an elocutionist and artist. She entered 
the Hershey-Eddy musicalinstitute, Chicago, as a pupil, in 
1877, to cultivate these talents as an amateur. 

The eldest son, James Almy, born January 29, 1847, at 
Lodi, was married on June 6, 1871, to Eleanor Flower, has 
one daughter, Lillian F., born July, 1872; married March 
24, 1897, Earl Phelps Bodley. James was receiving teller 
in the First National Bank, Chicago, from which 
he resigned in 1875 to engage in the fire insurance busi- 



*Rev. Arthur Edwards. D. D., Editor Chicago North IVtUern 
Christian AJvocate was one of the number 



The Almy Family, 6S 



ness, and in the year 1880 was the junior partner of the 
insurance firm of William G. McCormick & Co— [a nephew 
of the late Cyrus H. McCormick]— the firm name, was 
afterward changed to James A. Miller & Co. He became 
a member of the Chicago, Iroquois, and Illinois Clubs. 

Charles Kingsbury Miller, the second son, bora 
April 16, 1850, at Lodi, N. Y., married in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
December 31, 1879, Matilda, born at Cincinnati, September 
0, 1849, eldest daughter of William Smith, editor and pro- 
prietor of Cincinnati Price-Current (a weekly commercial 
and financial newspaper), and superintendent for many 
years of the Chamber of Commerce. Charles K. was en- 
gaged in the newspaperand magazine advertising business, 
Tribune building, Chicago, under the firm name of Charles 
K. Miller & Co.; (but had no partner). After a successful 
career he retired from business in the year 1886. 

Charles K. is a life member of the Society of Colonial 
Wars in the State of Illinois — sixth in lineal descent from 
Christopher Almy (born 1633), of Portsmouth, R. I.* Is 
also a life member of the Illinois society Sons of the 

♦"American Ancestry," Vol. X.. 1895. pp. ft5. 66. Joel Man«eU's 
Sons, publishers, Albany, N. Y. 

"Annual Register of Officers and Members of the Society of Colon- 
ial Wars." New York, 1895, p. 180. 



64 The Almy Family. 



American Revolution, * and a member of the Union 
League Club, Chicago. 

Has two children, Arlowe Kingsbury, born at Chicago, 
December 7, 1881, and Loris Almy, born at Chicago, May 
16, 1884. 



Dr. Job Almv, born 1782, died at Ogden, N. Y., March 
C, 1854. His wife, Philomelia Vibbard, born 1788, died 
April 13, 1841. They had five children — Maria, Phoebe, 
Arathema, Philip and Harriet. PhcEbe married Henry W. 
Gates; she died in 1886. Maria was born in 1809; she was 
married to Samuel Whittier, and died in 1891. Arathema 
was born in 1826; married M.Wheeler. Harriet was born 
in 1830 and married Dr. Moses B. Gillett; she had three 
children — Delia M., born 1856; Hattie, was born in 1866; 
Frank W., was born in 1850, and died August 20, 1879. 
Delia married Edwin B. Hutchinson, September 13, 1873, 
resides in Detroit, Mich. They had two children — 
William G. Hutchinson, born June 23, 1876; Bessie Adele, 
born April 8, 1886; died July 11, 1887. 

Philip Greene Almv, born July 10, 1818, at Auburn, 

♦"Year Book — Illinois Society, Sons of the American Revolution" 
—1896. P. 191. 



The Almy Family. 65 



N. Y. ; was married to Mary Elizabeth Osburn, September 
1, 1846, the daughter of Nehimiah Osburn, one of 
Rochester's oldest pioneers, who settled in Rochester in 
1821. Philip was a druggist in Rochester and died May 
21, 1873; had two sons, Elmer Eugene, born April 28, 
1851; Willey Henry, May 15, 1868, and daughter, Sarah 
Louise, Dec. 18, 1849. She is an excellent amateur artist in 
crayon, was married to W. L. Angevine, February 28, 
1867, he died in 1872, and she married Frank J. Stewart. 
By first marriage had one son, Harry Osburn Angevine.bom 
October 20, 1869; married, March 18, 1896, to Grace Dana 
Hall. Mrs. Mary E. Almy married ex-Mayor Michael Filon 
in 1884; he died in 1893, and his wife died January 21, 
1897. The following notice is from the Rochester Daily 
H<rald of January 22, 1897. 

"Mrs. Almy-Filon was a lifelong member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal church, From her earliest years she had been interested by 
personal work in every movement of the church's life, working as a 
Sunday school teacher and a member of the ladies' societies of the 
church. Her earnest Christian life was a source of edification to all. 
Her charities were hidden from the world, although they were many 
and great. 

la early life Mrs. Almy-Filon was prominent in the society of 
Rochester, but the infirmities of advancing years caused her to retire 



66 The Aimy Family. 



from its ranki. The frieads which her amiable dispositioo gained io 
her youth were retained in her old age and were added to constantly by 
new ones." 

Philip's oldest son, Elmer Eugene, is proprietor of the 
New Osburn House, Rochester, a member of the Empire 
State Society, Sons of the American Revolution, a Thirty- 
second Degree Scottish Rite Mason, Knight Templar, Noble 
of the Mystic Shrine, a member of Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 

He was married April 16, 1884, to Nellie Bly Card, of 
Rochester. Mrs. Almy has considerable ability as an 
artist, possesses a fine soprano voice and has attained local 
celebrity as a vocalist. 

Willey Henry Almy, second son of Philip, is a member 
of the Empire State Society, Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion and manager of the two large estates of Nehimiah Os- 
burn and Michael Filon. He married Jessie L. Start, April 
23, 1887. They have four children — Charles Osburn, born 
March 4, 1888; Herbert Eugene, born May 3, 1890; Philip 
Girard, born May 29, 1892; Hartwell Start, born August 
11, 1895. 



The Almy Family. «7 



Bradford Almy, the son of Quaker parents, was bom at 
Newport, R. I., in 1776, died at Ithaca, N. Y., in the year 
1828, '< from the effects of wounds received in the battle of 
Lundy Lane; he at his death having two bullets in his 
body, which the skill of the surgeons at that time were 
unable to locate." 

His son, Bradford Lakisly Almy, born at Ithaca, N. Y., 
October 19, 1819, died in Enfield, Tompkins Co., N. Y., 
January 12, 1892. His son, Bradford Almy, of Ithaca, 
N. v., was born at Enfield, February 10, 1845, is a lawyer 
and was elected in November, 1891, to the offices of county 
judge and surrogate at Ithaca, N. Y. Married Frances E. 
Vant in 1876. Has a daughter, Mabel C. His grand- 
mother, who was a Paddock, is said to be a descendant of 
Gov. William Bradford, of Massachusetts. 



William Almy, Sr., born 1601, died 1676, had a third 
son, Job, of Rhode Island; died February, 1684. His son, 
also named Job, born March 3, 1681, died January 25, 
1767; married Bridget Sanford, died 1766; had son John, 
born April 18, 1720, died September 19, ?844; married 
Hannah Cook, died 1766, whose son, Sanford, born August 



68 The Almy Family. 



28, 1759, married Lydia Gray, born 1768, died 1836; they 
had son Pardon, born June 18, 1792, died November 2, 
1864; married Mary Cook, of Rhode Island^ born June 5, 
1799, died February 5, 1856. 

She had eight children born between the years 1819 and 
1839. The eldest son, Charles, born June 8, 1819, in 
Rhode Island, died November 1, 1886; married Mary Ann 
Cumniings, born January 6, 1823; had four children, viz.: 
Helen Wayne, born August 19, 1847; Charles, born Janu- 
ary 23, 1851, and twin sons, Frederic and Francis, born 
November 28, 1858; both have resided in Buffalo, N. Y., 
since 1883. Frederic is a practicing lawyer and also secre- 
tary of the Charity Organization Society (1895). Francis 
is engaged in commercial business. 

Charles Almy, (born 1819) held civic offices in New 
Bedford, Mass.; was a member of the Massachusetts' State 
Legislature and for four terms was the candidate of the 
Prohibition party for governor of Massachusetts. 

His brother, Pardon, was in the civil war, and died in 
the second battle of Bull Run in 1864. 

Four of the family are of the Harvard College alumni. 
Charles, the eldest son, is a practicing lawyer in Boston, 
Mass. Was appointed justice of the Third District Court of 



The Almy Family. «» 



Eastern Middlesex in 1891. Married in 1882 Helen Jack- 
son Cabot, daughter of Dr. Samuel Cabot, of Boston. 
They have five children, to wit: Mary, Helen Jackson, 
Annie Cabot, Charles and Elizabeth Mason. 



From Christopher Almy, born in 1632, there followed 
in successive line his descendants, Christopher William, 
Job, his son, Job, Tillinghast and Albert H. Humphrey, the 
grandfather of Leonard Ballou Almy, M. D., of Norwich, 
Conn. 

Mr. Almy, seventh in descent from Christopher Almy, 
Sr., is a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, and Sons 
of the American Revolution, in the State of Connecticut; 
also, chairman of the " Red Cross" committee of the as- 
sociation of Military Surgeons of the United States. "The 
members of this society wear the red cross by authority of 
'General Orders' and the civil branch would come to their 
aid in time of war," He is medical director and lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the Connecticut National Guard. He mar- 
ried Caroline Stowell Webb, June 21, 1876; has two 
children, Lydia B., born November 6, 1881, and Marguerite 
Leonard, born August 1, 1885. 



70 The Almy Family, 



In 1765 a village in Massachusetts was named Bedford in 
honor of Joseph Russell, a settler who bore the family 
name of the Duke of Bedford. The inhabitants were 
mostly Quakers. In 1787 it was set off from the old town- 
ship of Dartmouth and the word " New " prefixed to dis- 
tinguish it from another Bedford in the State. New Bed- 
ford became a shire-town in March, 1828, an incorporated 
city in 1847. There lived in Rhode Island William Almy, 
whose son, Jacob, married Charlotte Sherman — their son, 
Holder, born in New Bedford, married Patience Russell 
Waddy, who had a son, John Winthrop, born in Newport, 
R. I., February 14, 1843. He was an ensign in the 
United States Navy, serving from 1861 to 1869, was mar- 
. ried twice; by first wife had two sons: Charles Dennison 
and John Winthrop. After her death he became manager 
of the Gait House, Louisville, Ky., and married in 
that city Helen Gordon.^ They have two daughters — 
Natalie and Helen Gladys. Reside in New York City. 



Tkf Almy Family. 



Benjamin Almy, of Newport, R. I., states in his letter 
of July 18, 1896 [to the compiler], that "Benjamin Almy, 
of Newport, who married Mary Gould (second wife) Octo- 
ber 22, 1762, was the grandfather of Thomas Coggeshall 
Almy,* who died in December, 1813, and that Thomas' 
father, John, married twice. His first wife's maiden name 

was Coggeshall, and his second wife was a Gould. 

Thomas was issue of first marriage, taking for his middle 
name that of Coggeshall." 

The records of the United States Navy Department at 
Washington show that "Thomas Coggeshall Almy was 
appointed a sailing; master, on June 26, 1812, ordered 
to report at the New York navy yard, to Capt. Chauncey, 
for duty. His acceptance of appointment on July 3, 1812, 
is on file in the navy department. The appointment was 

*R. Hammett Tilley. genealogist and formerly editor of "The Mag- 
azine of New England History," Newport. R. 1., writes April 2. 1895. 
that Thomas Coggeshall Almy "was a descendant of Christopher Almy. 
born in 1032." 



72 The Almy Family, 



addressed to him at Newport, R. I., and his acceptance 
sworn to before a justice of the peace, named Jonathan 
Almy." Lossing's Fieldbook of the War of 1812, Rose- 
velt's History of the War 1812, Usher Parson's Discourse 
before Rhode Island Historical Society, February 16, 1862, 
Sketches of the War 1812 (anon) printed in Rutland, 
Vt., 1817, all contain reference to this Thomas Cogg- 
eshall Almy. At the age of twenty-one years he was 
sailing master of the war vessel Somcrs, joined the 
squadron at Newport, R. I., and was transferred to 
Lake Erie, where he distinguished himself in Perry's 
memorable battle on Lake Erie. He died of pneumonia 
at Erie, Penn., three months after the battle. Almy 
was presented with a sword for his gallant conduct in the 
fight. On one side of the sword was a view of the ships 
forming in line of battle, including his own, and on the 
other side the motto: ** Aitius ibunt qui ad summa nituntur.'* 
£They highest go, who strive to reach the summit.] 



The Almy Family. 1% 



Sir Ambrose Gifiord, a direct descendant of the Duke 
of Buckingham, had a son, Walter, who emigrated from 
England to Massachusetts Bay in 1030, and was the found* 
er of the American branch of this ancient family. Walter 
Gifford had a son, William, whose son, Christopher, had a 
son named Enos, and he a son named Elijah. This son, 
Elijah, married Deborah Wilbur, of Little Compton, R. 
I. They had four sons and four daughters. The 
second daughter, Rachael, married Perry Macomber; they 
had eight children; their fifth child, Edith G., married 
Langworthy Almy, of Portsmouth, R. I. 

Langworthy, was the son of Benjamin and Hannah 
Tibbits Almy. He served in the war of 1812, and was 
elected by the General Assembly to the office of ensign of 
the fourth company of infantry, in the town of South 
Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island. During 
the war, this company was called into active service to de* 
fend the American ship Whampoo, which was driven 
ashore on Boston Neck, R. I., by the British frigate 
Orpheus, on the 29th of April, 1813. Among the trophies 
obtained after the battle was a British cannon-ball, secured 
by Langworthy Almy, and presented by him to Redwood 
Library, at Newport, R. I., which is there on exhibition. 



74 The Almy Family. 

— —  ? ; 

The five children of Langworthy and Edith Afmy were: 
Phebe T., William M., Hannah T., Sarah G,, and Charlotte 
E. The second child, William M. Almy, married Genevra ^/ 
Allen, born in Tiverton, R. lirTThey had six children; 



-JUV 



Annie G. and George F., died in infancy,^Genevra M., the , ^ 
youngest daughter, resides at the home of her parents, in 
Fall River, Mass. William F., married Lillian Wilbur; 
Rachel B., married Frederick O Dodge and Edith L., 
married Edward S. Raymond, who is engaged in the insur- 
ance business at Washington, D. C 

G^4Uo , -^ 'V . .^^ / ■• J -^'^-^<- . ^^a"^ 

"The Almv crest is composed of the breast plate, 
cuirass, helmet, buckler, shield, cross, bow and arrows, 
turret and keys of castle and leek. 

This insignia of rank was the crusader's crown of favor. 
It is the regalia of the officer of the crusader and was 
granted by the crown of England to this intrepid soldier, 
for an act of personal bravery and warlike courage during 
the crusader's war. 

He was one of those heroic and invincible soldiers who 
so valiantly, in the retaking of Jerusalem by the crusaders 



r 



The Almy Family. t5 



from the infidels, ascended the walls and entering, ud 
THE WAY for the besieging army on to victory and glory. 

The crest is commemorative of some history of the 
family and contains an allusion to the name and office of the 
bearer. ' 

In England the name was written Almy, in Wales, 
Almond. The leek is the national emblem of Wales. 
Hence it implies that this officer was from Wales and 
commanded a company of the V/elsh army, but retained 
the English name. This event elicited the attention of 
the king's court by whom the honor was transferred, the 
officer unv/illing to change his name, was allowed the 
request, and it was engraven": 

«' By the name of Almy." 



IVhithead's East New Jersey, page 45, says : 

"The patentees of the large tract, iociudiog Monmoalb Coontjr. 
N. J., were: [here follows the name of Walter Clarke and a list of 
eleven others] and their associates were: [then follows an additional list 
of Mventyoine names, among whom are] Christopher Almy, Job Almy, 



76 The Almy Family, 



Richard Bordea, Bartholomew West, John Coggeshall, William Coding* 
ton and Henry Ball. A majority of the above individual*, it is supposed, 
did not become actual settlers, but the descendants of many of them are 
yet to be found residing within the boundary of the patent. This patent 
was granted April 8, 1G65; it led to the settlement of Middletown and 
Sbewsbury: was disallowed by the Duke of York, but subsequently Gov. 
Carterret and council compromised with the claimants, who received 
individual grants for their lands." [As per pp. 46 and 47 of the same 
book (Whiibead'g) ]. 



Hon. William Hunter, L. L. D., delivered an address 
before the Redwood Library and Athenaeum at Newport, 
R. I., on their centennial anniversary, August 24, 1847, 
from which the following extract is taken as printed in Vol. 
H., pp. 135 and 136, of "National Historical Magazine," 
Rhode Island : 

"To this general West India trade I have already adverted. The 
trade to Honduras was principally conducted by ' ' Friend " Almy, the an- 
cestor of William Almy, a native of this island, who showed himself in 
later times, in conjunction with Slater and the venerable Moses Brown, 
to be as energetic io manufacturing enterprise as bis ancestor bad been 
in commercial. 



The Almy Family. 77 



From the revolution of 1688 England wat either constantly at war 
with France and Spain or in expectation or preparation for it. Rnmor* 
affecting the stocks and commercial speculations were constanllj preva- 
lent. Almy bad (our considerable vessels at the Bay of Hondaraa. 
They greatly outstaid their time; a French or Spanish war had either 
broken out or was deemed inevitable. No insurance (or at minoos 
rates) could be procured; the strong, and in general, calm mind of Almy 
was disturbed — nearly bis all was at stake. 

His friend, Godfrey Malbone, Sr., at their club — aye! clnb, for 
Rhode Island found the Gould's, the Scott's, the Richardson's and Robin- 
son's at that day were neither antisocial nor ascetic — rallied him upon his 
low spirits, and upon being distinctly told the cause, which be before pre- 
sumed, ofiered his bond for the full amount of the value of the vessels, 
cargoes, outfits, etc. The ofier was accepted, the bond was duly exe- 
cuted, Almy was indemnified from loss and bis overanxiety of mind re- 
lieved. Malbone's share in the transaction was at the time deemed be- 
yond measure, vast and extravagant. What was, however, a mere in- 
demnity to Almy proved a large increase of fortune to Malbone. A few 
days after one of the vessels arrived and brought intelligence of the 
rest. They all arrived and anchored safely in the harbor." 

Extract from letter of J. O. Austin, Providence, R. I., 
March 26, 1895, to the compiler: 

' ' I have no question at all that ' ' Friend " Almy, referred to by Wm. 
Hunter, meant that of his being a friend, i. e., Quaker. As to identify- 
ing the William (Almy) of hardware trade, I have not the local knowl- 
edge to do it, and so have sent your letter to Dr. Henry E. Tomer, of 



78 The Almy Family. 



Newport, president Newport Historical Society, particularly well ac- 
quainted with sverytbing touching Newport and Portsmouth. • • *" 

Dp.. Henrv E. Turner, Newport, R. I., who is a direct 
descendant of William Almy, born 1601, through his 
daughter, Ann Almy-Greene, wrote April 14, 1895 (to the 
compiler), as follows : " I will endeavor to give you what 
light I have been able to get on the points in which you are 
interested, which from the very imperfect state of our 
[public] records, are very difficult of elucidation. 

The William, to whom William Hunter refers, was 
his own contemporary, William Almy, of Providence, well 
known in all my early life, as one of the wealthiest citizens 
of Providence, he was born in Portsmouth, R. I., February 
1, 1761, and died at Providence, February 5, 1836. He 
married Sarah Brown, daughter of Moses and Ann, June 
6, 1789. This William, if I am right, did not come trom 
Christopher, as Mr. Hunter supposes, but from his brother 
Job, thus : William, wife Audry, Job, wife Mary Unthank. 
Job, born March 3, 1681 ; died January 25, 1767 ; married 
Bridget Sanford, daughter of Gov.Pelegand Mary, Decem- 
ber 6, 1705. Job, born May 16, 1722, married, first, Alice 
1744, second, Kath. Slocum, daughter of Peleg (Dart- 
mouth). William, born February 1, 1761 ; died February 
6, 1836. His daughter, Anna, born September 1, 1790, 



The Almy Family. 7» 



married William Jenkins, of Providence, July 17, 1833, and 
she was burned to death November 20, 1849, in the con* 
flagration of their mansion, in Behefit Street, Providence, 
together with her daughter, Sarah Brown Jenkins, age 22 
years. I have reason to believe that my conclusions as 
herein expressed, approach accuracy. I have given it a 
great deal of time and research, and trust it may contribute 
to your satisfaction. I believe I have all the material 
accessible or ever likely to be so." 



From the Newport, R. I., " Historical Magazine," p. 
218: "Tiverton, R. I., town records, names of those that 
were inhabitants of Tiverton, when it was made a town, 
by order of court, bearing date March 2, 1692," contain 
the names of Christopher Almy and William Almy. Ibid. 
p. 161. "Gov. Samuel Cranston was Walter Clarke's 
nephew." "John Coggeshall was a justice Decem- 
ber 11, 1688." ' . r^ 



80 The Altny Family. 



'♦Sir Edmund Andros, arrested, at Newport, R. I., 
August 3, 1689, and confined in Lieut.-Col. Peleg Sanford's 
house, corner Broad and Farwell Streets." "Peleg San- 
ford was judge of court of admiralty in the colony of 
Rhode Island, June 26, 1697." •' By his daughter, Catha- 
rine, who married James Gould, Walter Clarke [governor 
of Rhode Island] was the ancestor of many of the prominent 
people in Newport and Providence, among whom are 
Ellery's, Brinley's, Johnston's and Almy's." 

From Newport (R. I.) town records : births. 

Sarah Almv, daughter of Christopher and Mary, Janu- 
uary 26, 1706 or 1707. 

Christopher Almy, son of Christopher and Mary, June 
10, 1711. 

John, son of John and Anstice, July 9, 1718. 

Anstice son of John and Anstice, August, 7, 1720. 

Marv, daughter of John and Anstice, Februarys, 1721 
or 1722. 

Benjamin, son of John and Anstice, December 16, 1724. 



Tht Almv Family. 81 



Christopher Almy, Jr., married Mary, 8, 1705. 

job, son of Job, Portsmouth, married to Bridget San<> 
ford, daughter of Peleg, Newport, December 6, 1705. 

John Almy married to Anstice Ellery, August 30, 1716. 

Christopher, son of Job, married to Elizabeth, of TiTcr- 
ton, April 80, 1720. 

Benjamin, son of John and Anstice, married to Sarah 
Coggeshall, daughter of Thomas and Sarah, May 22, 1751. 

Benjamin Almy, married Mary Gould, second wife, 
October 22, 1762. 

Capt. Job Almy, of Newport, and Ann , married by 

Giles Slocum, assistant; March — , 1696. 

Christopher Almy, Jr., son of Christopher and Eliza- 
beth, married Joanna Slocum, March — , 1696. 

Job Almy, of Portsmouth, married Kath. Slocum, Sep- 
tember 2, 1766. 

"Holder Almy (of Portsmouth) was son of Job, of 
Newport, and Hannah Brownell, daughter of Stephen, of 
Portsmouth, married by William Anthony, justice, Octo- 
ber 10, 1766; married Sarah Lawton, October 13, 1875. 
Must be second wife. 

"Jacob, son of Holder, married Charlotte Sherman, 
daughter of Richard, December 6, 1804. '• 



82 



The Almy Family. 



"Gkn. Nathanibl Greene, son of N. G. and Mary Moth 
(second wife), born July 27, 1742. His father, Nathaniel 

Greene, born , was a Quaker preacher of Warwick; 

married April 18, 1739, (his second wife). Vol. V., p. 34. 
\^Vide Vital Records of R. I., Vol. I., 1636 to 1660]. 



The Newport, R. I., Historital Magazine, edited and 
published by Henry E. Turner, 1880-81, Vol. I. No. 1, 
p. 17, contains the following item: 

"Mrs. Mary (Gould) Almy, daughter of James and Mary [RathbunJ 
Gould, the wife of Benjamin Almy, was the great granddaughter of 
Gov. Walter Clarke, of Rhode Island. (This) Mrs. Almjr owned tba 
quill Gen. Washington slept under. " It was made by Miss Anstis* 
EUery who married John Almy." This Anstiss Ellery was the mother 
of above named Benjamin Almy, granddaughter of James and Catharine 
(Clarke) Gould." 

Ibid — p. 17 — says: 

"Mrs. Mary Gould Almy, while her husband, Benjamin Almy, was 
with Gen. Sullivan's besieging army before Newport, and she, with her 
children, were in the beleaguered city, wrote a journal of the siege of 
Newport, R. I., August, 1778, giving an account (which is printed oa 



The Almy Family. 8S 



pages 18 to 80 in the hittorital Magatine^, of the commanding of the 
French fleet, by Count D'Estaign at Newport while in potse««ion of lb* 
British army. July 29. 1778." 

Page 18 of same journal has the ptinted endorsement 
of Mrs. E. Trowbridge Ellery, to-wit: 

" My blessed mother, Mrs. Mary Almy's account of the comraanding 
of the French fleet. Count D'Estaign on Newport. R. I., while in posses- 
sion of the British Army. July 29, 1778." 

Mrs. Almy's first letter to her husband (Benjamin) is 
dated September 2, 1778. The narrative of the progress of 
the siege is embraced in a series of twenty-eight (28) let- 
ters written by her (to her husband) between the dates of 
July 29 and August 24, 1778. 

The following excerpt is taken from one of her letters 
printed on page 24 in the Historical Magazine. In a letter 
of Friday, August 7, 1778, during the siege, she says: 

i.# »  \Yg were making our way to Church's house, and be- 
fore we came to Jemmy [James] Coggeshall's — that (war) ship, after 
giving a broadside [shot], passed • • * Cousin Coggeshall's. and, 
seeing our movements, came to our assistance. • * *." 

The Historical Sketch of Newport, R. I., by James T. 
Taylor & Co., New York, 1842, p. 182 says: 

"Rev. William Ellery Channing, D. D., of Boston, is a native of 
Newport. His [Cbanning's] grandfather was the late William 



84 Tht Aimy Family, 



Ellery, al»o » native of Newport, R. I.; a leoator of the United State* 
io the first congress, and one of the signers of the Coostitation." 

From "Vital Records of Rhode Island, 1636 to 1660, 

by James N. Arnold, 1891." 

Vol. IV., p. 4, (Newport) has: Almy, son of Job, married by 

Samuel Cranston, governor, December 6, 1708. Ibid. John Almy and 
Anstice Ellery married August — , 1716. , 

Vol. I., p. 80: Job Almy, Justice of Peace, March 3, 1674-75. 

Vol. I. Mary Almy married John Greene, of Warwick, December 
8, 1739. (?) Was this Anna Almy ? [Ann Almy, born 1627, married 
about the year 1618, John Greene, of Warwick (born 1620). — Compiler.] 

Vol. IV., p. 2: Sarah W. Almy married Nathan Simons, March 
17, 1840.  ' 

Vol. II., p. 208: Annab Evans Almy, daughter of Benjamin R. and 
Hannah Evans, was born April 22, 1843. 

From " Records of Marriages, Rhode Island, 1628 to 
1641." 

Vol. I., p. 88: William Almy, fined Is., 6d., June 14. 1631, for tak- 
ing Mr. Glover'scanoe without permission, (page 44); fined 10s. and dis- 
charged July 1, 1638. 

Ibid. p. 122: Fined 10s. July 1, 1684, for not appearing at last court, 
being summoned and is enjoined to bring to next court an inventory of 
the goods be received of Edward Johnson's, duly prized by indifferent 
men. 

From "A Genealogical Dictionary of the Virst Settlers 



The Almy Family. 85 



of New England — Those who came before May, 1892, by 
Jamet Savage, 1860." 

Vol. I., p. 46: Jobo Almy, Captain io King Philips' war, 1875. 

From "Memoirs of American Governor's," by Jacob 
Bailey Moore (Gates and Steadman), New York, 1848. 

Vol. I., pp. 348 45, tays: Spring, 1680, a fleet of foarteen vessels 
was got ready to sail. Jobo Wintbrop embarked on board Arbella, one 
of the principal sbips at Soatbampton, in March. It was detained by 
wind at Cowes and again at Yarmouth. Before leaving Yarmooth, signed 
an address on April?. Sailed after this date (on April 8,) f rom Yarmoatb, 
seventy-six days' journey; arrived oS Cape Ann, Saturday, June 12, 1630. 
at' 4 o'clock A. M., and on the following day sighted the harbor of Salem 
(Mass.) and disembarked on July 8. A day of thanks was kept for the 
safe arrival of the fleet. The fleet contained about 840 passengers, of 
various occupations, some of whom were from the west of England, bnt 
most from the neighborhood of London. Came over at same time, 
Isaac Johnson, Sir Richard Saltonstall, William Coddington, Thomas 
Dudley and others. 

Also in the " Life and Letters of John Winthrop, by Rob- 
ert C. Winthrop, Boston, 1867," on p. 21, is given the date 
of sailing of vessels and their arrival in New England. 

"The ship Abigail, in June, 1628, set sail with John 
Endicott and wife and one hundred colonists; landed at 
Salem, Mass." 



86 The Almy Family. 



[It was either on April 10, 1829, or, in April 1680, that William 
Almy, of Belinden Parish, England, born 1601, made hit first voyage to 
America. — Compiler. ] 

From the "Annual Register of officers and members of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, New York, January, 1896." 
[p. 48.] 

"Rolaz Horace Gallatin, eighth in descent from Col. Job Almy 
deputy from Warwick to the colonial assembly of Rhode Island, 1670- 
72. Commissioner to treat with the Indian sachems, May 7, 1078." 

" R. Hoiace Gallatin, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Gallatin, 
of New York, is a descendant of Albert Gallatin, who, next to Alexander 
Hamilton, had of all men most to do in shaping the financial policy of 
the United States."— From the Chicago Daily Tribune, July 30. 1895. 

Extract from a letter received from Miss Hen- 
rietta C. Ellery, dated Newport, R. I., March 26, 1805 : 

"My cousin, Conrad C. Ellery, of Auburn, Me., died, so I am in- 
formed, at the house of Col. Burrill, when he was on a visit in Auburn, 
Mass., early this m )nth.  # » Ex-mayor, Thomas Coggeshall 
(of this city) is the son of Alice Almy, sister of Rear Admiral John J. 
Almy, United States Navy. He has a son residing in New York, Dr. 
Henry Coggeshall." 

The following interesting account of an historic home- 
stead is reprinted from the Newport, R. I., Daily News, 
of June 11, 1895 : 

"The recent sale of the Coe estate on Thames Street, will mark • 



Tkf A imy Family. 87 



Bew era io ao' eatate Ibat hat been promloeat in Newport hiatory for 
nearly two bandred years. • • • Tbe eatate ia part of tb« 
Breotoo homestead. William Brenton came to Newport in 1088. It ia 
dnderatood that the bouse now on tbe estate waa bailt in 1730. Tbe 
-boDse was op to tbe highest standard of tbe day — was honestly bnilt and 
of the best materials, and has come down to as in a good state of preserva- 
tion. Tbe bouses of 1720 were rich in details, and tbe balls were made 
a beautiful feature, for they were broad and ran through from front 
to rear. Tbe house was undoubtedly built by tbe eldest son of Gov. 
William Brenton, who was a collector of the port under Queen Anne of 
England, and used this bouse as his office. Tbe homestead went to bia 
nephew, who occupied it, entertaining extensively, until 1767. Daring 
a portion of tbe (American) Revolution, and for several years afterward, 
the house was occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Lenjamin Almy. and in 1790 
they there entertained Gen. Washington. In 1787, the estate was sold 
to George Irish, who re-sold to Capt. Jacob Smith, who, in 1800, dis- 
posed of the property to Ebenezer Burrill, who three years later sold it 
to Walter Channing. It then became known as tbe Cbanning boose, 
and in 1817, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry was a tenant of the house. 
Tbe next owner of the property was Hugh Swinton Ball, of 
Charleston, S. C. (who married Mr. Channing's youngest daughter). 
Tbe bouse was sold in 1883 to Theodore Phinney, and by him in 1842, 
to George Eogs, and a few years later passed into the bands of Adana 
S. Coe, from whom it acquired its modern name. Its next purchaser 
was Daniel T. Swinburne, whose heirs transferred it to P. H. Horgan 
and Edward Newton. For many years it has been occupied by the 
United States engineers. The estate is in the heart of the bnsinesa 



88 The Altny Family. 



portion of the city, aod has becD frequently spoken of as a most de- 
sirable location for the new city ball." 

From the Ovid, N. Y., Bee, February, 1863: 

"Jane Rappleye-Almy, the wife of Capt. Samuel Almy [called cap- 
tain after the war of 1813], the founder of the village of FarmerviUe, 
to whom she was married in 1801, died at the residence of ber son, Ita, 
on the 2d inst. Mrs. Almy was one of the oldest residents of 
this section of the country. She came here in childhood with her 
parents from New Jersey in 1797, by way of Mohawk river, then the only 
open way of immigration. She left three sons in FarmerviUe, two 
daughters in Chicago, and a large number of relatives, who are among 
the oldest inhabitants, her brother, William Rappleye, being the oldest 
person in the town. Mrs. Almy was one of the five original members of 
the Baptist church organized in 1819." 

A letter written by Conrad C. EUery from Auburn, Me., to 
Ira Almy, FarmerviUe, N. Y., July 6, 1883, says that Ira and 
himself are cousins, and that his, (Conrad's,) grandfather, 
William EUery, signed the Declaration of Independence 
of the United States 107 years ago. Also mentioned that 
the silk quilt, which Ex-presidents George Washington and 
Rutherford B. Hayes once slept under, is in his possession 
and owned by him for 40 years. [Compiler.] 

Extract from the National Year Book, p. l73, 1895, 
National Society Sons of the American Revolution: 

"On October 19, (1894). at the Auditorium Hotel, Chicago, a dinner 



The Almy Family, 89 



was given by the lUinoii Society (Yorklown Day), at which the Chicago 
Cootioental Guard appeared for the first time id foil continental oni- 
form. On this occasion the guard was presented with a beautiful stand 
of silk colors, Sag and guidons, the gift of Charles Kingsbury Miller. 
The following excerpt is taken from the Chicago Daily Inter Ocean of 
Octobe* 20: In the course of the presentation speech Mr. Miller said: 
"* * * The fiag as designed, was adopted by the Continental 
congress and recognized by an act of legislation as the national stand- 
ard in 1877. • » • After this occurrence, at the siege of 
Yorktown, Geu's. Rocbambeau and La Fayette participated in the 
achievement of an immortal victory. Could there pass before your eyes 
this evening, the stirring historical events, which have transpired from 
the time of the heroic struggle of our ancestors for their rights, on the 
Revolutionary grounds at Lexington, to the close of our civil war for 
the prsservation of the union, on the battle-field at Appomattox, yoa 
would behold this triumphant flag for nearly a century, leading the way 
to honor and national supremacy, its cluster of stars and shining folds 
waving in undiminished glory. * »  " 

From the Spirit of '76, New York City : 

"A* a general court of the Society of Colonial Wars, State of Illi- 
nois, held on April 27 (1895), at Chicago, a national flag committee of 
three was appointed, and Charles Kingsbury Miller chosen as secretary. 
The object is patriotic, its purpose being to obtain national legislation to 
prevent the misuse of the national flag of the United States from dese- 
cration." [Vide pamphlet, thirty-two pages, printed July 4, 1895, Chi- 
cago. ' 'The Misuse of the National Flag of the United States of America, 
an appeal to the LIV. Congress of the United States."] 



HISTORIC PAniLII^. 




RAPPLEYB. 

1633*1897. 

'pHE de Rapaly6 family, from which the numeroas 
branches in the United States are descended, was 
prominent in Bretagne, France, where, as early as the 
eleventh century, it possessed large estates and ranked 
among the arriere-ban of the French nobility. Some of 
its members were distinguished as military leaders in the 
crusades, others were celebrated for political eminence 

91 



92 Th« Rappleye Family. 

and professional talent, and all seem to have acquired a 
reputation for independence, firmness and integrity. 

Like most names, de Rapaly^ has varied its orthography 
with its change of country.* Thus, we find it sometimes 
written de Rappailego, then in Holland it was natural for 
the Dutch to write j for y, Rapaljd; and in the United 
States there is a tendency to contract, so that in some 
parts of the country the name is written Rappleyea, Rap- 
lee, Rapalyea, Rapaley, Rappeley, Rappley, Rapley, 
Rapalje, Raplej^, Rappelje, Rappalyee, Rappalye, and even 
Raply; but through all its changes and gradations it is 
traced back to the common source, de Rapaly($, of France. 

Gaspard Colet de Rapaly^ was bornf early in the 
sixteenth century at Chatillon, sur Loire, France, just ten 
years before the accession of Francis \. to the throne. 

His birthplace is noted in history as the rendezvous of 
reformers and headquarters of the Prostestants. It waa 
also the birthplace of another Gaspard, the great Admiral 
Coligny, of Huguenot fame. 

There is no period in history so replete \vith interest for 

*Tbe name Rapaly^ appears in AmericaD records spelled io sixteen 
differeni ways. ["American Ancestry," Albany, N. Y., 1895. Vol. X., 
p. 66.] 

tin the year 1505. 



Tht Rappleye Family. %% 

the whole world as is that of the renaissance of literature 
and the arts which, under the fostering care of Francis I. 
and his intellectual and enthusiastic sister, Queen Marga> 
ret of Navarre, took such impetus that, notwithstanding 
the rashness of the warlike monarch and the incessant wars 
and political complications which harrassed the kingdom, 
its progress has never been stayed. 

It was an age of courtesy and gallantry; it was the time 
when the French language was enriched by Villon, and 
Clement Marot, with whom Colonel Gaspard Colet de 
Rapaly6 was contemporary; and when the wars which 
raged, from time to time, between Charles V. of Spain and 
the King of France, tended to develop all that was bold 
and courageous in the soldier. Col. Colet de Rapaly^ was 
in sympathy, too, with such reformers as Berquin and Le- 
clerc, the scholarly courtier, and the learned wool carder, 
who suffered martyrdom for their faith; his comrades in 
arms were Cond^ and Coligny; and their teachers, Farrel, 
Saunier and Calvin, his countryman, and only four years 
his junior. 

In 1545, worn with long military service and covered 
with glory and honor, we find him, two years before the 
death of Francis I., a colonel of infantry.* About the year 

"Appointed colonel December 23, 1545. 



94 Th« Rappleyt Family. 

1543 a man came one day to Meaux, France, bringing with 
him a bible which had been translated into the French 
language. He preached faithfully, and diligently spread 
the word of God among the people, so that in a short time 
the place became one of the most orderly in thb country. 
Decrees were issued forbidding the reading of the bible, 
and denouncing as heretics those who assembled after the 
day's work was done to worship God according to their 
own consciences. Notwithstanding this, prayer meetings 
were nightly and secretly held, and the new religion began 
to spread throughout the kingdom; the priesthood com- 
plained that people stayed away from mass to read the 
bible; intrigues were started at the Vatican, Catherine de 
Medici, the Pope's niece, was betrothed to Prince Henry, 
and the leaven against Protestantism was set. On the 
other hand, Queen Margaret, of Navarre, at heart a Pro- 
testant, befriended the new religion and protected its ad- 
herents; printing presses were at work, and the bible, in a 
language the people could understand, was secretly dis- 
tributed. 

As the new religion spread and obtained a foothold in 
the kingdom, its adherents strove for political recognition, 
and then there arose a new party, denominated Huguenots. 



The Rappleye Family. fft 

In time, nearly a quarter of the population in France were 
protestants, and the party became a formidable menace to 
the Church of Rome. 

Francis I., who, though a Catholic, was always liberal 
and even indulgent, had passed away;* Queen Margaret 
was no longer a power at the French Court, Henry bad 
abjured the protestant religion, and he too, was dead,t 
and Catherine de Medici, as regent of France, carried out 
the plans of the Vatican at Rome. Cardinal Lorraine 
issued a decree for the extermination of the Hugenots, and 
Catherine undertook to persuade her son, the wavering, 
feeble-minded Charles IX., to sign it. He hesitated long, 
often changed his mind, but at last his mother's power- 
ful will controlled the poor lad, and he put his signature 
to the edict that deprived the kingdom of many of its best 
subjects. Not less than two hundred noblemen were 
slain on the eve of Saint Bartholomew, August 24, 1573, in 
the courtyard of the palace. Admiial Coligny was attacked 
in his bedroom by the emissaries of the Prince of Guise; 
he was killed and his body thrown from the window 



*Fraacis I., died March 81, 1&47. 

t Henry II. (son of Francis I.), reigned from 1547 antil bit death. 
July 28. 1559. 



96 The Rappleyt Family. 



into the court beneath; then the Prince of Guise spurned 
it with his foot and ordered the body to be beheaded. 
King Charles IX. never recovered from the shock of the 
massacre, and on his deathbed complained to his nurse, 
herself a protestant, that his weak assent to the atrocity 
had blighted his life. 

Henry of Navarre, one of the leaders of the Huguenots, 
publicly abjured the protestant faith, and after his acces- 
sion to the throne as Henry IV., he published the Edict of 
Nantes, on April 15, 1598. Then followed the religious 
wars which rent the fair land of France and agitated the 
whole civilized world. Those protestants who escaped the 
cruel massacre of Saint Bartholomew fled the country, and 
among these the de Rapaly^ family. Naturally they turned 
to Switzerland, where Calvin had been the dominant spirit 
for many years, and where he had instituted that ecclesias- 
tical organization of protestantism not yet begun in 
France, and to the Netherlands, where the family subse- 
quently acquired large possessions. 

The seal of the Huguenots had on it a representation 
of an anvil surrounded by broken hammers and this legend : 

" Hammer away, ye hostile bands; 

Your hammers break, ^ 

God's anvil stands." 



The Rappleye Family. »7 

In 1648, about a year after the death of the monarch he 
served so well, Col. de Rapt.ly^ was deprived of his military 
commission by Henry II., and he fled to Holland with 
others of his family.*^ 

The insurrection at Bordeaux, against the gabel, or salt 
tax, was at its height ; La Rochelle, a stronghold of the 
Rapaly6 family, was in sympathy with the revolting prov- 
inces, and that, added to the fact that Col. de Rapaly^ had 
embraced protestantism, may suffice to explain the action 
of King Henry II. 

In Antwerp, Col. de Rapalyd married a daughter of 
Abram Janssen, a celebrated dramatic painter of that city. 

Breckie, a daughter of this marriage, married her 
cousin, V. H. Janssen, in 1569, and their son, Abram Jans- 
sen, was a celebrated Dutch painter. 

But the Huguenots had little peace in the country of 
their adoption. Like the first settlers of New England, 
this proscribed race, called in Holland ''Walloons," had 
been driven from their homes by religious persecution, but it 
had been of a fierce and more relentless kind than that 
waged against the English Puritans. 



*Gi£rord't History of France says, "500,000of the beat families fled 
from France during the persecutions." 



08 The Rappltye Family. 

Their industry and intelligence made them a desirable 
people, but they formed a class sharply distinct from the 
mass of the people by whom they were surrounded. 
Speaking French that was even then quaint and old, pro- 
fessing the protestant or reformed religion, they were a 
marked race, out of place among the Spanish and Flemish 
subjects of King Philip II., whose cruel persecution drove 
them finally into the freer southern Netherlands. There 
they settled for a time, seeking, by industry and remarka- 
ble skill, to retrieve the fortunes they had lost in France. 

But many of them longed for a country they could call 
their own and the enjoyment of that liberty of conscience 
which could never be acquired in a country ruled over by 
a Catholic sovereign. They craved the blessing of per- 
manence and security which home alone can give. 

Naturally they turned to the New World as a haven of 
rest, and made preparations to emigrate. 

In 1609 the Dutch East India Company, hoping to find 
a northern passage to India shorter than that around the 
Cape of Good Hope, sent Henry Hudson, an Englishman, 
in command of the "Half-Moon," on an exploring expedi- 
tion. How successful he was in discovering the North 
River all the world knows, and doubtless the Company 



The Rappleye Family. 99 

found the fur trade of America quite as lucrative as the 

spices of the Indies. 

In 1614 the territory discovered by Hudson and Block 
was formally named New Netherlands. Agents were kept 
in the new colony to trade with the Indians and at regular 
intervals ships came from Amsterdam to bring supplies 
and carry back the pelts. 

In 1618 the charter of the Company expired, and in 
1621 the Dutch West India Company was organized and 
obtained from the States-General of Holland the exclusive 
privilege to trade and plant colonies on any part of the 
American coast, from the Straits of Magellan to the ex- 
treme north. 

According to Hazard's State Papers, it appears that 
Fort Amsterdam, in New Netherlands, cost the company 
4,172 guilders 10 stuyvers, and that New Netherlands (the 
province) cost 412,800 guilders and 11 stuyvers. 

"The government of this commercial and inilitar}' mo- 
nopoly was intrusted to a board of nineteen directors called 
the College of the XIX., of which Amsterdam furnished 
eight, Zealand four, the Maas tivo. North Holland two, 
Frieslaad and Groningen two, and the States-General one.'"" 

*Peter Stuyvesant (" Makers of America"), by Tuckerman. 



100 The Rappleye Family. . 

Through Sir Dudley Carletoa the Walloons of the 
Netherlands " applied to King James and the Virginia 
Company for permission to emigrate to Virginia, but only 
unsatisfactory conditions were offered them." 

"The West India Company, hearing of their application, 
made them tempting offers which they accepted, and they 
sailed in the ship, the New Netherlands, under command 
of Capt. Cornelis Jacobse Mey." 

It was in the spring of 1623 that the first agricultural 
colonists were sent out from Holland in the ship New 
Netherlands, and in the same year the ship Unity was dis- 
patched with several Walloon or Protestant families, 
eighteen of whom settled at Fort Orange. They bought 
lands at the Waal-Bogt, now Wallabout Bay, the site of 
the United States navy yard, on Long Island. 

Among the passengers on the Unity from Holland, was 
Joses Janssen or Joris Janssen de Rapalj^, one of the pro- 
scribed Huguenot race, formerly of La Rochelle, France, 
and his wife, Catalyntie, daughter of Joris Frisco. Madame 
de Rapalj6 was born in Paris in 1606 and died in New 
Netherlands, September 11, 1689. 

Joris Janssen de Rapalj6 was a grandson of Col. Gas- 
pard Colet de Rapaly^, and was born August 24, 1672. 



The Rappleye Family. 101 

M. de Rapalj6 settled at Fort Orange, a trading post, 
now Albany, and here his daughter, Sarah, the first white 
child born in New Netherlands, saw the light on June 
9, 1626. 

In later years Sarah figures in history as the first pen> 
sion hunting widow on the American continent. 

As the ancestor of the old patroon families of Bergen, 
Bogart and Polhemus, Sarah Rapalj^ must, of necessity, 
occupy considerable space in this sketch of of the Rappleye 
family. 

"First Pension-Hunting Widow, 
thb claim of sakah rapalyx and thb dangerous precedent tuat 

it established. . ^' 

Just now the president of tbe United States, [Grover Cleveland,] is 
examining and vetoing widows' claims for pensions, says a writer in the 
Brooklyn (N. Y.) Eagle. There is an honest difference of opinion as to 
the justice of thus invoking the executive prerogative in defense of the 
treasury, but with that we have nothing to do other than to ose it for a peg 
upon which to hang a historical incident. Widows are credited by many 
married men and most bachelors with possessing superlatively winning 
ways. True it is that they present more strikingly novel claims forcon« 
sideration in support of their demands for treasury pay than the most 
original tramp who personates a long-since deceased soldier. One of 
the widows whose hopes were recently crushed by the unsentimental 
president remembered in her eightieth year of widowhood that her bat- 



102 



The RappUyt Family. 



band fell out of a baggage-wagon one day and probably hurt bimtelf. 
He never found it out, but that was only a little obstacle for a determined 
widow. Another widow discovered eight years after the late lamented'* 
demise that be had been struck by a piece of shell in the foot and side and 
thus contracted neuralgia of the heart. At the date of the alleged 
wounding the husband was absent from his company on leave of absence 
in consequence of a real old-fashioned dose of fever and ague, and the 
poor man never to his dying day imagined that he was a scarred boro 
who had marks of two fragments of shells upon his mangled body. But 
the widow discovered it, probably aided and advised for a consideration 
by an astute pension agent. But these modern female petitioners are 
not up to the standard by a long way. They are more than two hun- 
dred years behind the age, and were outdone by the very first woman 
who tried her hand at a petition fur a pension, and that woman also was a 
Brooklyn woman, and, more, she was the first white person born in New 
Amsterdam, or, for the matter of that, on the American continent north 
of Virginia. The story is illustrative of the old saw, that there is nothing 
new under the sun, save the spectacle of a man paying a forgotten loan. 
The old patroon families of Bergens, Bogarts, and Polhemuses glory 
in being the lineal descendants of Sarah Rapalye, the first born of Joris 
Janssen de Rapa'ye, the first settler in Brooklyn, who got possession of a 
tract of land at the Wallabout. Sarah, it-is claimed, was born in Brook- 
lyn, or what was earlier, Williamsburg, but this appears to be an error, 
for this remarkable lady was born at Fort Orange, (Albany) on June 9, 
1625. One year later, Joris Janssen Rapalye, removed to New Amster- 
dam, where be remained until the eleventh, and last child was born, when 
he took his large family to the Wallabout, where he had 400 acres of 



The Rappltye Family. lOt 

land given bim by tbe Dntcb West India company. It waa ia 16S0 that 
tbe grandmotbar of all tbe Rapalyes, Bergens, Polbemoaea and Bogarta 
crossed over to Wallabout. In 1689 sbe bad married Hana Hansen 
Bergen, tbe progenitor of tbe Bergens wbo spread over Long Island and 
New Jersey. Hans Bergen settled on tbe Rennegaconck farm, with hia 
wife's parents. Tbe United States marine hospital now occopiea the 
site. Hans Hansen Bergen, whose pet name among bis neighbors was 
Hans tbe Boer, obtained a patent for an additional 400 acres of land at 
Rennegaconck, which carried bis possessions from the treek of that 
name emptying into tbe Waale-bocbt to what is now Division Avenoe. 
Hans was a tobacco-planter and a crony of Gov. Van Twiller. When 
he passed to his reward. In 16M, his good wife was so well disposed 
toward tbe married state that sbe lost no time in providing a new father 
for her six children, and Theunis Gysbert Bogaert was the fortunate 
man. 

Although Sarah was descended from a line of French Hognenota. 
her father and mother both being Parisians, her lifelong association 
with tbe thrifty Hollanders and her years of wifehood with Hans the 
Boer, appear to have imbued her with quite a Dutch eye for the main 
chance. Anyway, a year after making Tbeunis Bogasrt happy sbe con- 
ceived the idea of getting a pension, and even went a step further; she 
wanted to be relieved of taxation. Sarah did not want fleeting gold ia 
monthly pittances. She wanted good, old-fashioned real estate, and to 
that end sbe memorialized the governor and council in 1656, petitioning 
that a piece of land 400 acres in extent, adjoining tbe farm she lived 
upon at tbe VVallabont, be granted to her. She complained that certain 
grasping neighbors who bad pieces of land of their ewn, per- 



104 The RappUye Family. 

sisted io mowing on the meadow, and the honest Haot Bergen not having 
enjoyed the distinction of fighting in anj war recently wound op, she 
set bar claim upon the ground that she was a widow and was burdened 
with seven children. If the council would give her the 400 acres and 
remit the taxes she thought she could get along. The lady, like many 
other ladies betore and since, was absent-minded and neglected to state 
that her days of widowhood had closed their mournful engagement a 
year and a half before, and that one of the said seven children, of this 
forlorn widow with 400 acres of her own, was Aarije, the first born to her 
second husband, Theunis Bogiert, baptized on December 19, 1665. But 
in 1635, as in 1686, a slight omission of so little consequence was not 
taken into consideration, when by granting the prayer of a petitioner, the 
legislators got solid with the constituents, living contiguous to the party 
interested. 

The forlorn widow got her 400 acres, but the council refused to re- 
mit the taxes. As soon as the English kindly relieved the Dutch of all 
further worry about their American possessions, good old Mr. Bogaert 
had this 400 acres and the 4U0 belonging to Bergen's children — his step- 
children — conferred upon himself, and the records fail to show that 
either of the six young Bergens ever got any of the property. Sarah 
Rapalye-Bergen-Bogaert lived to the age of sixty-nine, and passed away 
suddenly, having twelve children, six by each husband, and to-day tha 
descendants of this remarkable woman, the first born in Dutch-American 
possessions, and the original pension hunting widow, are as many as the 
children of Abraham of old." 

M. De Rapalj6 remained at Fort Orange but three 



' The Rappltye Family. 105 

years. Id 1636 he removed to New Amsterdam, now New 
York, and the rallying center for the proscribed Huguenots 
from Holland. 

Peter Minuit, a Huguenot, had been sent out by the 
West India Company to organize permanently the prosper- 
ous young colony, and he soon mustered around the new 
Block House, on Manhattan, over which he presided, a 
number of families of French and Dutch extraction, and 
made the Huguenots as welcome in New Amsterdam as 
they had ever been in Holland. These Huguenots and 
Walloons were well equipped, both physically and men- 
tally, for the laborious task of founding a substantial 
colony. "The ablest, most cultivated and philosophic 
minds had exercised their best efforts in developing the 
character and purposes of the puritan and the pilgrim." 
Common schools and universities had been open to all the 
people in Holland before the settlement of New York or 
New England. The people of Holland had been obliged 
to beat back both the waves of the ocean and the hordes 
of Spain, rescuing their land from Neptune and their liber- 
ties from Philip the Second. Their declaration of rights 
was copied by the English bill of rights, and incorporated 
in our Declaration of Independence, and their scheme of 



106 Thi RappUyt Family. 



Federal Union was the model upon which our Republic 
was constructed. I 

Having themselves suffered from persecution, the 
Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam were remarkable for 
their freedom from bigotry. They had a law under which 
no other sect than the Episcopal could build churches 
within the limits of the ctiy ; but they rescued the first 
Catholic missionary who came to New York, and refused to 
give him up, though the savages threatened to attack the 
white settlements j they paid the ransom demanded for 
him, and defrayed his expenses to France. 

During the hardships of a new colony, in a foreign land, 
the French-Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam still practiced 
the amenities of life, and never forgot in distress or pros- 
perity, that they sprang from the most polished nation in 
the world. A pen picture of the households and homes of 
our Holland ancestors, the Huguenots in America at New 
Netherlands, has much the same description everywhere, 
the Hollander and his son and his son's son af»;er him for 
all generations. The floor about him strewn with clean 
sand, swept in curves and figures ; the room scrupulously 
clean with frequent scourings ; in his hand a long clay 
pipe ; within the living room, the settle and straight- 



The Rappltye Family, 107 

backed leather chair, the great glass-doored cupboard for 
delf-tand plate, the huge lineD chest, the ponderous cur- 
tained bed shut into its alcove or closet, replaced in poorer 
houses by the mere bunk along the wall — all, recalled the 
furniture of Holland, from whence indeed, most of it bad 
been brought. 

The garden was filled with hyacinths, tulips and pinks, 
over the Dutch gable of this house swung the traditional 
weather-cock, the porch or stoop had its benches where the 
family collected on summer evenings. Hospitality was 
boundless. With hard work of every day life, was mingled 
a good deal of jovial festivity. In the winter were quaint 
tea parties, for the elderly people, and balls for both young 
and old, at the town tavern, called the •* Stadts Huys," 
even the staid city and provincial officials had their times 
of unbending, from five in the afternoon, until the watch 
made the rounds at nine o'clock, warning all to go home. 

Families other than Dutch, for at this date, 1669, many 
English had located in the colonies, and as often as twice 
a week, had constant meetings at each other's houses, in 
turns. There were out-door sports in the day time on the 
snow and ice. If they had not the canals of Holland, 
New Amsterdam was a place of ponds and the undisturbed 



108 The RappUyt Family. 

waters of the two rivers and bay, were no doubt, much 
oftener covered with solid ice than now. It was admira- 
ble, says the chaplain of the fort, to see men and women 
flying, as it were, upon their skates from place to place, 
with markets upon their heads and backs. 

In the summer were excursions to gather peaches and 
strawberries. The trees of the village were literally 
borne down with fruit and the ground covered with those 
that had fallen: as for strawberries, the fields and woods 
on Long Island, were crimson with them, and the country 
people armed with bottles, measures of wine, cream and 
sugar, would wend their way to the fields, some on foot, 
and some on horseback, with their wives behind them; and 
there remain, till the vines were stripped of their I'lscious 
fruit. 

Contrasting the simplicity, the contentment, the easy- 
going industry, and the love of harmless amusement in 
these Dutch communities, with the restless character 
which belonged to the Southern Colonies, and the bitter 
theological and political controversies which shook those 
of New England, it is plain that New Amsterdam must 
have been, at this time, the happiest, though not the most 
prosperous of the colonies of the new world. 



/;• 



The Rappleye Family. 109 

'On June 16, 1639, Joris J^nssen de Rapalj6, bought 
from the Indians 336 acres of land called Rennagaconck, 
now that part of Brooklyn comprehending the land occu- 
pied by the Marine Hospital. Here he settled down for 
the balance of his life. He became a prominent citizen. 
holding positions of trust and power, and his name is re- 
corded as among the magistrates of Brooklyn. He died 
soon after the Dutch were superseded by the English in 
the colony, about the year 1661. 

By his wife, Catalyntje, daughter of Joris Frisco, of 
Paris, M. de Rapaljd had eleven children, to wit: Sarah, 
the first white child born in the colony, June 9, 1625 ; 
Marretje, born 1627 ; Jannetje, born 1629 ; Judith, born 
1635 ; Jan, born 1637 ; Jacob, born 1639; Catelyntje, born 
1641 ; Jeronemus, born 1643 ; Annetje, born 1646 ; Eliza- 
beth, born 1648, and Daniel, born Dec. 29, 1652. 

Jeronemus de Rappleye, the eighth child, was born 
June 27, 1643, and married Anna, daughter of Teunis 
Denyse. Like his father, he occupied prominent posi- 
tions in the colony, and was at one time a justice of the 
peace, and deacon in the Brooklyn Church. 

Teunis, one of his sons, born May 5, 1671, married 
Sarah Van Vechten. They left several children, to wit : 




no 



Tht RappUyt Family, 111 

Jeromus, Derrick or Richard, George, Teunis, Folkert» 
Jane and Sarah. Jeromus and Richard settled in that 
part of New Netherlands which, in 1673, embraced "Achter 
Cul," (now New Jersey), New Orange, Maryland, and all 
the sea-coast from Massachusetts to New Jersey. 

The colonists of New Jersey had no need to complain 
of lack of progress and prosperity in the new colony 
during the first few years after it came into their posses- 
sion. The established government was acceptable to the 
people; the climate was good and the soil productive; the 
proximity of older colonies made it easy to supply the 
wants of the settlers, and exempted them from the extreme 
privations and hardships which necessarily attended a 
settlement in an isolated wilderness. 

Accounts of their prosperity spread to England and 
brought emigrants to the new colony. The discontented, 
and more enterprising in the New England colonies, 
desirous of more room, as well as restless for political and 
religion*: freedom, believed that they could better their 
condition by a removal to the new province. 

Towns, in consequence, sprung up rapidly; and the 
axe and the plow encroached upon the primeval foiest and 
the virgin soil. 



112 The Rappleye Family, 

A vigorous, well balaDced race, energetic and social, 
made of these numerous Huguenots, a people whooa other 
nationalities honored, respected and admired. 

Middlesex county, the locality of the Rappleyes, was 
fast becoming the center of civilization and intelligence. 
The inherited virtue of desire and ambition to acquire 
knowledge stimulated them to efforts beyond the comprr*- 
hension of many of their sturdier neighbors; ever loyal to 
Che principles of right and truth, careful of infringing upon 
the rights of others, they lived in peace and happiness in 
their families and the community at large. 

A printing press was cet up in 1683. From the time ol 
the first settlement of New Netherlands it was seventy years 
before any book or paper was printed there.* 

The progress of the country was beyond conception, 
likewise the growth and development of these well-disci- 
plined ancestral families, faithful to the lawful government, 
they watched with fearful apprehension the encroachments 
of England upon the legal birthrights of the Colonies. Her 
oft-repeated usurpation of colonial authority, the promulga- 



*The first book printed in America was in 1640, the first pamphlet 
printed was an almanac in 1U39, and in lU3tJ the first school in America 
was opened in Cambridge, and subsequently named Harvard College. 



The Rappleye Family. lit 

tion of neiw and wicked restrictions limiting the well-regu- 
lated and accepted customs of the people; these, with many 
other unlawful antagonisms, were assertedwith presumptive 
and overbearing insolence; petitions denied or defied, tax- 
ation without representation enforced, was the culmination. 
Reluctantly and anxiously they awaited the crisis of long 
deferred and long hoped for redress. Their souls were 
fired with indignant protest, becoming and appropriate to 
a patriot devoted to the welfare of one's country, actuated 
by the laws of inalienable rights, they resented in terms 
and acts not to be misunderstood. Heroically and nobly, 
amid painful and overwhelming odds, trusting in God and 
the justness of their cause, they voluntarily shouldered 
their muskets and bade adieu to their loved ones and 
home, marching to battle for liberty or death. 

The struggle for freedom from unjust taxation and 
merciless cruel exactions of intolerant England, called the 
war of the "American Revolution," lasted for years. Its 
cause, continuation and end, is familiar history. 

Our noble ancestors, armed and equipped with the 
principles of right, the invincible panoply of the daring 
and successful soldier, fought courageously through sacri- 
fices, untold sufierings, unheard of and unbearable priva- 



lU The RappUyt Family, 



tions without complaint, as good soldiers, whose faces were 
set toward independence of old England. 

Jeromus, the oldest son of Teunis and Sarah Van 
Vechten, married Altie Van Courtlandt Van Arsdalen, 
daughter of Cornelis, September 19, 1719. He settled in 
New Brunswick, N. J., where he died in 1776, leaving issue: 
Cornelis, Teunis and Sarah, 

Derrick, or Richard Rappleye, son of Teunis and Sarah 
Van Vechten, who, with his brother, Jeromus, had settled in 

New Brunswick and prospered, married Aultie , and 

when he died, during the Revolutionary War, he left two 
sons, George and Jeromus. 

Sarah, daughter of George Rappleye, born February 3, 
1767, married George Onderdonck, a name well known ia 
many States of the Union. * 

Jacobus, familiarly called Gedoke, son of Jeromus and 
sixth in lineal descent from Joris Janssen de Raplej^,* was 
born in 1743 and lived in New Brunswick, Middlesex 
county, New Jersey. He was a merchant, kept a store and 
had a large house on the site where now stands a fine 
church. 



•Mrs. Polly Ann Almy Miller is eighth in lineal descent. Vol. X., 
p. 60, "American Ancestry" (Munsells'). 



The RappUyt Family. 115 

Id 1775, when the war of the American Revolution broke 
out, he enlisted in the New Jresey militia and served as asol* 
dier during the struggle. He placed his spacious house at the 
disposal of the continental forces and it was used as head- 
quarters for the Revolutionary army and by the troops under 
Gen. LaFayette. 

At the close of the war, Jacobus Rappleye, like many 
other patriots who had faithfully served their country, 
found himself almost impoverished ; his business had 
been neglected and destroyed. He eventually disposed 
of his property, including a farm and the site of the old 
fort on the banks of the Raritau River, and in 1797, with 
his family, emigrated to the " far west," which was then 
Central New York, now Seneca County. 

"Just 100 years ago," says the Watkins (New York) 
Dtmocrat, " all the land west of the Genesee river in this 
State was sold to a syndicate of Hollanders for |100,000. 
There were only about 4,000,000 acres of it, and it seemed 
a trifle high at twelve and one-half cents an acre to the 
men who bought it. It is now worth hundreds of millions." 

Mr. Jacobus Rappleye, must have been one of the pur- 
chasers of a small portion of that land. 

In 1796, accompanied by his son. Tennis, and several 



116 The Rappltye Family, 

sons-in-law, Jacobus Rappleye explored the picturesque 
country lying between Seneca and Cayuga lakes, selected 
the site of his future home, built a snug log cabin in the 
primeval forest, and arranged for the transportation of hia 
family. In the following year, 1797, they started from 
New Brunswick to New York in the flat boats or bateaux j 
thence up the North River and the Hudson to Albany ; 
then over land to Schenectady, where they again launched 
their bateaux on the Mohawk and glided along to Fort 
Stanwix (Rome). Here they wei? again obliged to carry 
their boats overland until Wood's Creek, now called Fish 
Creek, was reached, when they embarked once more, float- 
ing along until they entered Oneida Lake, then across the 
lake and down the Oswego River to what is known as 
Three Sisters Point. Thence, proceeding up Seneca 
River, to Cayuga Lake, and on that lake for a distance of 
twenty miles, they landed on the west shore near what is 
now called Morehouse Landing; here, they disembarked 
upon a firm, flat rock, for many years known as " Rap- 
pley's Landing," and which, unmoved by time or tide, 
rests as firm in its watery bed as it did when, a century 
ago, Jacobus Rappleye with his wife and twelve children 
landed upon it. 



The RappUye Family. lit 



Then with sledges, improvised from felled trees with 
the bark removed, and drawn by oxen, they slowly moved 
two miles island, cutting their way through the dense forest. 
The journey had consumed thirty-five days at a cost of a 
about one pound sterling per day, and is proof of the 
many difficulties which had to be encountered before Mr. 
Rappleye could reach the spot which he had selected for 
his future home. Then the sturdy father and sons went 
to work. They cut down the mighty forest, and by their 
labor cleared the way for future generations, and for their 
own prosperity. 1 

\yc^^ Jacobus Rappleye married Sarah Williamson; they had 
^ twelve children, six sons and six daughters. He died Oc- 

tober 27, 1827, at the age of eighty-four.* His wife, Sarah, 
died fourteen years previously. Six sons and five daugh- 
ters and ninety-eight grandchildren survived him. 

Of his children, Charity was married three times; 



* ' 'A geauine bronze marker and tablet, (such as was officially adopted 
by the National Society of the Sods of the American Revolution, for 
designating the graves of Revolutionary soldiers,) was recently furnished 
by C. K. Miller and placed by Hudson Rappleye, (a descendant,) over 
the grave of Jacobus Rappleye in the Lake View Cemetery, Fanner, 
N. Y. The inscription, in raised bronze letters, on the tablet is: "The 
grave of Jacobus Rappleyea — a soldier in the Revolutionary War, New 
Jersey Militia." — Farmer Review, April, 1895. 



118 The Rappltye Family. 

first, to Springer, then to Demelt and lastly to Vandyke, 
and had sis children. Lucretia married Mr. Gruandyke 
and had six children. Sallie married James Colgrove, and 
had thirteen children. Polly married Tobias Boudinot, in 
New Jersey, and had three or four children. Auly mar- 
ried Reuben Updyke, and had nine children. Teunis, 
the eldest son, married Catherine Schneider, and had 
seven children. William married Barbara Swich and had 
thirteen children. Peter married Mary Covert, and had 
nine children. John married Peggy Tyler and had seven 
children. Nicholas married Lucy Larraway, and had ten 
children. Jeremiah married Sarah Benjamin and had 
five children. Jane, the youngest child, married Samuel 
Almy, November 1, 1801, and had nine children. 

John Rappleye, son of Jacobus and Sarah Williamson 
served in the war of 1812, and had no less than seven bul- 
let holes in his body. One was through the wrist and one 
he carried in his hip and was thereafter crippled. 

Some of the works from which this genealogical sketch 
has been made, Riker's Annals of Newtown, N. Y. ; Ber- 
gen's Kings County, N. Y., Early Settlers ; Holgate's 
American Genealogy, and Prime's History of Long Island, 
all testify to the longevity of the Rappleye family. 



Th« Raf>pleye Family. ' 11» 

In New Brunswick, N. J., there still lives [1604,] Mrs. 
Margaret Rappleyea at the age of 106. In the same town 
lives the widow of Andrew Rappleyea, in whose possession 
is a bible printed in London in 1625. The printing 
is in Italic and old English black letter and is still very 
clear and distinct, testifying to the excellent quality of 
the ink and paper used in those days. In 1690 and for 
some years after the bible belonged in the family of Fran- 
cis \Vilson, the birth of several children being recorded 
from 1690 to 1699. "On the fly-leaf of the bible was in- 
scribed : "This is the property of Richard Rappleye." 

This Richard must have been Derrick, the father of 
George and Jeromus and a son of Teunis and Sarah Van 
Vechten, 

Mary Lindley, wife of Robert Murray, a near relative 
of the Rappleye family, figures in history as one of the 
strategists of Revolutionary times. During the attack on 
New York, as the British drew near the house on Ingle- 
berg, as Murray Hill was then called, Howe and his offi- 
cers ordered a halt. Mrs. Murray invited them to lunch- 
eon, and so entertained them with the excellence of her 
viands, old Madeira, and the good humor with which she 
parried the officers' jests at her sympathy with the rebels. 



120 The RappUye Family. 

that she whiled away two hours or more of their time, and 
Putnam's division was enabled to retreat in good order, 
and every American soldier of that regiment was saved. 

Maj. Daniel de Rapalje, son of Johannes, and fifth 
in direct line from Joris Janssen, was born in 1748. He 
married Agnes, daughter of Johannes Bergen, on April 29, 
1770, and died at New Lots, L. I., in 1796, leaving issue 
— John, Daniel, Simon and Michael. Maj. Daniel Rap- 
alje* served in the war of the Revolution, and his marriage 
license, still preserved, was issued by the Hon. Cadwal- 
lader Cobden, H. M. lieutenant governor and com- 
mander-in-chief of the province of New York, and is 
dated on the nineteenth day of April, 1770. 



The following communication was printed in the Ovid 
(N. Y.) Weekly Bee, August 6, 1858 : 

"Peter Rappleye, of Farmerville, [third brother of Mrs. Jane Rap- 
pleye-Almy, wife of Samuel Almy,] was bora at Peno's Neck, N. J., 

*Mrs, Eliza Williamson (New Lots Road) Brooklyn N. Y., a great- 
Krandd?.ugbter of Maj. de Rapalje, states in her letter of Dec. 14, 1892; 
that she has a portion of the silk sash worn by him, while serving in the 
army. 



The RappUye Family. 121 

February 22, 1776; vUited this tectioD, (Farmenrille,) io the tpriof of 
1795; raturoed here to reside permaneotly in spring of 1797. In No> 
vember, 1799, purchased same farm he occupied at his death. Left 
seven children, thirty-three grandchildren and nineteen great-grand- 
children living. Served as magistrate in several town offices, with equal 
credit to himself and advantage to the public, with unwavering tenacity 
in the discbarge of his duty. He was an ardent friend to the church, an 
elder and a member for half a century, one of the active organizers and 
member of the building committee of Reformed Dutch Church of 
Farmerville, and was one of our most substantial and esteemed neighbors, 
friend and citizen. Indeed, there is perhaps no other man in our vicin- 
ity, who is so entirely deserving a place in our hearts as he. Was always 
ready to extend the hospitable band at bis door, generous, obliging and 
reliable, never leaving us after calling us friend, though all the world 
should forsake us. Never leaving us except when be became convinced, 
not by hearsay, that vender of slander and falsehood, but by ocular 
proof, that we are not worthy of regard. 

He took for bis guide the bible alone. For truthfulness, honesty 
and integrity, bis life was a model worthy of the consideration of all. 
He was of a strong, firm and decidsd temperament. Many came to him 
for counsel and advice." 



122 



The RappUye Family. 



History of F«rmerville. — From the Rochester, N. Y., 
Daily Post- Expreis, November 9, 1896: 

"It is true, no village of its size has progressed more rapidly witbia 
the past twenty-five years than has Farmer; is delightfully situated in the 
northern part of the town of Covert, on the Ithaca branch of the Le- 
high Valley railroad, almost half way between Ithaca and Geneva and 
two and one-half miles west of Cayuga lake, a sheet of water that ii 
noted for its purity, and along its shores for its unsurpassed scenery. 
The village, which has about 1,000 inhabitants, is made up of a class of 
men who thoroughly believe in enterprise and advancement, men who do 
their part toward making the place what it is to-day — one of the wide- 
awake villages in this part of the State. It is the fourth important vil- 
lage between Rochester and Sayre and is located in what is known as 
the best grain and fruit growing region in the world. The finest or- 
chards and vineyards, and the best laid out and well cultivated farms in 
the county are observed in the" vicinity; no one will deny this fact. The 
village is well drained, and the streets are well laid out, dotted with 
finely developed shade trees and on which are seen many of the iineit 
residences and business blocks to be found in this part of the Empiro 
State. The visitor is pleased with the place at first glance, owing to its 
attractive appearance. The village, too, is noted for its history. It has 
been in existence about 100 years; and it is really surprising to note the 
changes for the better that have been made within the past quarter of a 
cet tury. There are a few of the older inhabitants now living who can 
remember when this place was hardly recognized by the outside world. 
But now its name is often quoted by our leading dailies and men of 
prominence throughout this great country. Farmer has sent forth, con- 



The Rappleyt Family. 123 



■idering the aite of the place, her ibure of men who have bees promi- 
nent in the variooi a£Faira and avenues of life. 

What woDld our grandfathers who cat their grain with the sickle 
and oar grandmothers who span flax and wool, have to say if thejcoald 
only see the progress that has been made in Seneca coantj within the 
past fifty years ? Indeed they would be surprised to note the develop- 
ment in this village. The steam cars have taken the place of the stage 
coach; the mower, reaper and twine binder and com harvester have 
taken the place of the sickle, grain cradle and corn cutter, the grain 
drill the place of sowing grain; and many other improvements in tilling 
the soil. The telegraph, the telephone, phonograph and kinetoscope 
have all been introduced since the pioneers of this county opened ap 
this settlement. 

Tunis S. Rappleye, born July 8, 1805 (son of William, who came 
here in 1707), is the oldest man in Seneca county, having reached the ad- 
vanced age of ninety years. He well remembers the war of 1812, and 
can tell many things that transpired at that time. The first white set- 
tlers were William and Peter Rappleye. When they came to the place 
it was a wilderness inhabited by Indians, bears, deer, wolves and wild 
game of all kinds. 

The names of Almy, Wheeler and Covert have long been identified 
with the town. The oldest frame dwelling in the county was erected in 
1800. The first hotel was built by Jacobus Rappleye a (cousin of 
Tunis S.) about 1823. Job Almy kept the first store. The first post- 
master and justice of the peace was Peter Rappleye. Among the 
names of the oldest merchants were Almy & Rappleye, Almy k. 
Green, Butts & Rappleye, Almy & Ryno, J. B. Almy. Mr. Rappleye is 



124 The RappUye Family, 

a Republican in politics, bis memory is good and b« it an interesting 
conversationalist. The name of the village was first called Farmer- 
ville, and changed to Farmer Village in 1863, after which, in 1892, was 
given its present name of Farmer." 



APPENDIX. 



An association known as the " Rappleye and Raplee 
Family," organized June 18, 1880, at Farmerville, New 
York, holds regular annual reunions in different parts of the 
State. On the list of eighteen officers, appears the name 
of Hudson Rappleye, as president, Miles W. Raplee, 
treasurer, Dundee, and Mrs. R. Vosburg, historian, 
Dundee, N. Y. 

"Jacques Rapalje (New York) was captain of Losher's 
regiment. New York Militia, from July 1776, to January 
1777. [From Historical Register of Officers of Continen- 
tal Army. By B. F. Heitman Washington, 1893.] 

"Hudson, Long Island, the Connecticut River, Black 
Island, Naragansett Bay and all the shore along which 
Capt. Block had sailed, was called New Nethcrland by the 



The Rappleye Family. 185 



Dutch Commercial Company, at Hague, in Holland, Octo- 
ber 11, 1614."— Extract from Records. 

<< In 1623, people callinf; themselves "Walloons" came 
from Holland. Through the influence of the West Indies 
Company, a great and powerful corporation, whose capital 
was two and a half million dollars, which in time, from 
having captured Spanish ships, laden with gold, silver, 
etc., was increased to six millions." — Extract from Records. 

" The ship New Netherlands, commanded by Cornells 
Mey, came in the spring of 1623. [Mey was also com- 
mander of the ship Unity, the same year.] The first boat 
brought thirty families of Walloons from Holland. The 
ship entered Hudson River. Eight families landed on 
Manhattan, some of them went up the river and built a 
new fort at Albany, which they named Fort Orange. In 
midsummer more Walloons came to Manhattan. Some of 
them became Patroons, or Feudal chiefs." — Extract from 
Records. 

"In August 1641, William Kieft, governor of New 
Netherlands, representing the West India Company, 



126 Th« Rappleye Family, 

called the men of Manhattan together, and chose twelve 
to consult with the governor. This was the beginning of Rep- 
resentative government in /Imeriea." (Joris J. DeRapalj6, was 
one of these twelve men representing the New Netherlands, 
in 1641.] Extract from "Early Settlers of Kings County," 
Bergen, p. 234, 1881. Also pp. 37 and 38, Peter Stuyve- 
sant, by Bayard Tuckerman, 1893, contains the names of the 
twelve men elected ; amon^ whom is George [Joris] 
Rapaljd. Mr. Tuckerman says, " The Dutch wrote very 
little, and on the whole their records are meager." He 
derives considerable of his information from the two vol- 
umes of Holland documents, published by the State of 
New York and the proceedings of the burgomasters and 
Bchepens of Manhattan Island. i 

The "Story of Liberty" [Harper Bros.], p. 216, says: 
"It was Francis I. who erected oa the field of the cloth of gold, [at 
Dover, England,] late in the spring of 152U, a grand pavilion covered 
with cloth of gold, lined with blue velvet and studded with silver start 
in which Henry VIII. of England, Charles of Spain and Francis took 
part in the tournament on June 11." GaspardColet De Rapalj^ was fif- 
teen years of age at the time of this event. 

/l>iJ, page 283 : 

"About the year 1543, in the reign of Francis I. at Megux, in France, 



The Rappleyt Family. lit 



one day > man came bringing a bible, (translated into the Freach 
language). He preached faithfully and told the people that they mnat 
repent of their wrong doing and live rigbteoasly. In a short time the 
place became one of the most orderly in France. After the work of the 
day was over, they held prayer meetings. The new religion began to 
spread. According to decrees it was a crime to read the bible. Priests 
called them heretics for staying away from mass, reading the bible and 
worshiping God in their own way. Printing presses were at work, 
copies were supplied which the people read secretly and so the new re- 
ligion got a foothold all over the kingdom. 

Those who accept the new faith, sing psalms; those who laagh at 
them for being so religious call them Huguons (people who sing in th« 
streets). They soon are known as Huguenots. In time the Huguenots 
became a political party. One quarter of the people of France were 
Huguenots. Admiral Coligny, of the French army, was their leader. 

Charles IX. was king, his mother, Catherine de Medici planned, 
and the Cardinal of Loraine issued a command for the extermination of 
the Huguenots, many of whom had come to Paris and were among the 
noblest men in the kingdom. At the massacre of St. Bartholomew 200 
of these nobles were slain in the court yard of the Louvre, and Admiral 
I Coligny killed in his own room. Henry of Navarre was seized, but 
subsequently became King Henry IV. and publicly abjured the Hugue- 
not faith." 

The following extracts are from '• Riker's Annals of 
Newtown, in Queen County, New York; Its History from 
Its First Settlement." By James Riker, Jr., New York. 



128 The RappUye Family. 

Published by D. Fanshaw, 108 Nassau Street, 1862, 
(p.267): 

"The Rappleyo Family— Its Genealogical History." This nu- 
merous and reputable family is desceaded from that of de Rapa- 
li^, which, as early as the eleventh century, possessed large estates ia 
Bretagne, and ranked among the "arrifere-ban " of the French nobility. 
Some of its members were distinguished as military leaders in the Cru- 
sades; others were celebrated for political eminence and professional 
talent. 

But in the religious wars of the sixteenth century, being known as 
Protestants, they became the victims of papal animosity and were scat- 
tered and expelled from France. The family subsequently gained 
prominence in Switzerland and Belgium, where they acquired large pos- 
sessions and continue to the present time. Their ancient coat-of-arms, 
[-see p. 91,] is intended to represent the noble birth and origin of the 
family and their reputation for firmness and fidelity. 

Joris Janssen de Rapali^, one of the proscribed Huguenot race, from 
■"Rocbelle in France," was the common ancestor of all the American 
families of this name. He came to this country in 1623 in the ship Unity 
and settled at Fori Orange, now Albany, where he continued three years. 
In 1626 he removed to New Amsterdam and resided there till after the 
birth of his youngest child. On June 16, 1G37, he bought from the Indians a 
tract of land, computed at three hundred and thirty five acres, called Ren- 
negaconck, now included within the town of Brooklyn and comprehending 
the land occupied by the United States Marine Hospital." [Vide p. 234, 
■"Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island, New York." By Teunis 



The RappUye Family. 129 

G. Bergen, 1881, New York.] " Herede Rapalje finally located and tpeot 
the remainder of his life. He wa« a leading citizen, acted a piomincnt 
part in the public affairs of the colony, and served in the magistracy of 
Brooklyn (1655-02). He died soon after the Dutch administration, his 
widow, Catalyntie, daughter of Joris Frisco, surviving him many years. 
She was bprn in Paris, France, and died September 11, 1689, aged 
sixty-four." 

Their chronology as taken from the original family record pre- 
served in the New York Historical Society, were as follows, to wit : 
"* * *  Jacob, sixth child, born May 28. 1639, was killed by 
the Indians. Jeronimus (eighth child), born June 27, 1643." 

Ibid, p. 268. 

"Sara Rapali6, daughter of Joris Janssen Rapali^ and his wife, 
Catalyntie, born June 9, 1625. Sara married Hans Hansse Bergen [first] 
and Teunis Yejsberts Bogart [second]. This lady was the first bom 
Christian daughter in New Netherlands [vide p. 102. this edition]. 

In honor of this the Dutch authorities presented her Mri.h a tract of 
land at Wallabout. This circumstance has probably given rise to the 
belief that she was born at the latter place, but the statement in the 
text (based upon New York documentary history. Vol. III., p. 50. and 
other records) show that her parents were living in Albany at the time 
of her birth. Her parents subsequently settled at the Wallabout. Her 
lineal descendants are numerous, include the Pohlemns family, the 
Bergens of Kings county, and part of the Bogart family," 

[Among the list of twerty-five directors (1894) of the Ixing Island 
Historical Society, Brooklyn N. Y., is the name of Henry D. Pohlemns.] 



130 The Rappleye Family. 

Extracts from American Genealogy. By Jerome B. 
Holgate, A. M., Albany, N. Y., 1848, page 17: • 

"The elder brother [of Joris J. de Rapalje], William Jansiea 
de Rapali^, (sometimes called the chevalier) in consequence of 
the disappointment, [disappointed in love] which afflicted him deeply, 
determined to emigrate to America; and having his brother, George, 
(Joris) to accompany him, be set sail in 1023 with Peter Minuit, a direc- 
tor for the West India Company, in the ship of Capt. May. William 
never married; died in 1631 [at the house of his brother, A. J. Van Sa- 
lers."] 

Ibidf page 18 : 

"Near the navy yard in Brooklyn was built the first house on Long 
Island, inhabited by Joris Janssen de Rapaljt^, one of the first white set* 
tiers of Ix)ng Island. This house was made of logs in the usual primitive 
style, a story and a half high, with one room on the ground floor, appro- 
priated as parlor, kitchen and bedroom, and curtain screens were used 
as partitions." 

Ibid, page 20 : 

" Jane de Rapalj^, *ascinated with gold lace and epaulets, at the sweet 
age of seventeen eloped with a British ofificer and was married by the 
Rev. Mr. Walters, of Trinity Church, New York. Thii; officer's name 
was Edwaid Goldstone Lutwyche. He was colonel of a regiment ia 
New Hampshire in 17G1. He owned a fine farm pleasantly situated on 
the banks of the Merrimack." 

Ibid, page 17 : 
" Breckie de Rapalj^ married her cousin, Victor Honorius Jaossen, ia 



Th* RappUyt Family. ISl 



1&69, by whom ibe bad one too, Abram Jaosaen, who it said to bare beea a 
historical painter of cou^iderable eminence. 

Abram Janssen, married June 18, 1694, adaugbterof Hans Lodewyck. 
of Amsterdam, by wbom be bid three soiii, viz.: William Janssen d« 
Rapalje, Jorit Janssen dt Rapalji and Antonine Van Salers;*, to called 
from the circumstance of inberiting property left bim by one of his 
grandfather's relations, who resided at Salers, a town of France, ia 
upper Auvergne." 

Ibid, page 17 : 

"Abram Janssen, an excellent artist, was born in Antwerp in 1569. 
With a wonderful genius for painting, in his yontb be ezecnted some 
pieces which set bim above all the young painters -of his time, bat 
enamored of a young woman at Antwerp, whom be obtained in mar- 
riage, be gave himself up to a dissipated course of life, which soon im- 
poverished him and his temper. 

He grew jealous of Rubens and sent a challenge to that painter. 
with a list of the names of such persons as were to decide the matter, so 
toon as their respective works should be finished ; but Kubens, instead 
of accepting the challenge, assumed that be willingly yielded bim the 
preference, leaving the public to do them justice. 

There are some of Janssen's works in the churches at Antwerp. (A 
portrait by this distinguished artist, can be seen in the Catherine Wolfe 
collection at the Metropolitan Art Gallery, Central Park, New York. — 



•Peter Stuyvesant (by Tuckerman), p. 29, says: "The settlement 
of Gravesend, [Long Island], was begun by a Huguenot named Anthony 
Salee, [Antoine Van Salers], who obtained 200 acres opposite Coney 
Island." 



132 The Rappleye Family, 

Compiler.) Ha painted a desceDt from the croM for the great Church 
of Boisle Due, which has been taken for a piece of Rubens, and it 
thought no ways inferior to any of the works of that great painter, hut 
bis chief work is the resurrection of Lazarus in the DUsseldorf gallery," 

Ibid, page 17: 

"Gaspard Colet d^ Rapaly^ was bom in France at Ch&tillon Sur 
Loire, in 1505. He was made a colonel of infantry on December 23, 
1545. He became a Protestant in 1548, and when the king (Henry II.) 
began to enforce the edicts issued against all of the Protestants be 
was deprived of his command a.id compelled to flee to Holland. Here he 
married the daughter of Victor Antoine Janssen, an historical and scenic 
painter of art, by whom be had three children, vii. : Gaspard, Abram 
Colet, and a daughter named Breckje. She married her cousin, Victor 
Honorius Janssen, in 1569, by whom she had one son, Abram Janssen, 
who is said to have been an historical painter of considerable eminence." 

In addition to the authorities consulted and acknowl- 
edged in the preceding pages of this book, the following 
named should be included : [Compiler.] 

" Mills' History of the Crusades," " Keightley's Crusades," " Rec- 
ords of Colonists to America During 1600," " Records of United Colo- 
nists " (Hazard, Vol. II.), "Arnold's History of Rhode Island," "His- 
tory — Troubles with the Indians," (Increase Mather), " Hubbard's 
Indian Wars," "Anne Rowland's Captivity," "State of New England 
and other Tracts" (reprinted by Drake, 1833-38), " History of English 
Colonists in America" (H. Cabot Lodge), "Bancroft's History of the 
United States," "Life of John Winthrop." 



INDEX. 



ALMV. 



"AlaiyCre*t,"74 
Almjr, Andry, 13, M 

—AanU (Ann), 1116 

Anoie, 87 

Auguitus, C. Lleat., 87 

Albert, Curtli, Prol., 60 

Benjamin, 41 <fi, 47, 71, O, 87 

Bradford, Judge, 67 



-Christopher, 12, 17, la 20, 23, X, 48, 

76. «). 81 
-Catharine, 14, 24, 32 
-Clarinda, 60 
-Calista B., 50 
-Charles G., 37 
-Charles, Judge, 68 
-Deborah, 24,48 
-Elmer Eugene, 66 
-Freelove, 48 
-Frederic, 68 

-Francis. 68 - 

-Gideon, 84 
-Horace. 26 
-Hope. 48 
-Ira, 50, 51 
-Job, 14. 18. 20, 22. 34, 88, 8i 86, 86, 48, 

61, 75. 81. 86 
-John, 14, 22, 23, 24, 37, 46, 81, 84, 86 
-John. Cr pt, Battle o( tba P«u Flald, 

(injldent) 27 



Almy, Joha Jay. Rmt Aaminl,!}. », Hi W 

James G., Oa 69 

Joaeph, 48 

John Winthrop, 70 

Lydia. 48 

Lusally, 60 

— — Langworthy, 78 

Leonard B., Lient-CoL, • 

Mary, 24 

Mary Gonid, 47, 83, 89 

Milton Genoa, 60b 6S 

Miles, 63, 64 

Polly Ann, 61 

Philip Greene, 64 

Pardon, 68 

Susanna. 24 

Samuel. 26. 48, 60, 88 

Samuel E., 26 

Sarah, 37. 80 

Sylvester. 60 

Thomai. 48 

Thomas Coggethall, 71 

William, Sr., », U. 13. IIIC IBw 81 

84,86 

William. 32, 38, 39. 46. 701 91 7B 

William E., Lieut. 17 

Willey Henry. 66 

William M., 74 



184 



Index, 



\ 



Adams, Jo«epb, 04 

Aocevioe, Harry Otburo, 66 

Androa, Edmund, Sir., Gov., (incideDl) 

la, 22, 80 
Arnold, Benedict. (incideDt) 23 
Bull, Hnnry, Gov.,19, 76 
Bartlett, William E., U 

Frederick VV., 66 

Harry Almy. 56 

 .. - George C, 56 
Bonaparte, Jerome N., (incidtmt) 17 
Bordea, Richard, 76 
Clarke, Walter, Governor, 19, 76, 80, (U 
'V *Casey. Thomas Lincoln, Brig Gen., 16, 17 
Cabot, Samuel, Dr., 68 
Channing, William Ellery, Rev., 83 

Walter, 87 

Cornell, Elizabeth, 17 

Thomas, 117 

Coggesball, Ttiomas, 86 

James, 83 

John, 19, 76 

Henry, Doctor, 81, 86 

Church, Benjamin, Ccpt., 2i, as 
Crane, Samuel, Rev., 59 
Curtis. Gertrude 54 
Eilery, Aostice, Wi, S6, 46, 84 
Benjamin, Hon., 33, 36 

Conrad C. , 36, 44. 46, 86, 88 

Edmund Trowbridge, 36, 46, 88 

Henrietta C . 80 

Katherine, 47 

William, 38, 86, 4/, 84 

Franklin, Beujaiiiin (incident) 46 
Filon, Michael. G5, 66 
Greene, John, 16, 16 

Nathaniel, Gen., 15. S] 

Gifiord, Ambrose, Sir, 78 

Walter, 73 

Gardner, Charles K., Col., 37 
Cillett, Moses, B., Doctor, 64 



CalltUo. RoU( H, 80 

Haines, Joho C, Lieut, 87 

Hayes, Ratberford B., Gen., (Incident), 87, 

46,88 
Hutchison. B. B., 64 
Jenkins, Anna Almy, 89, 78 

William, 39 

Knapp, Horace J., 6!) 
Miller, Y. Woodhull. 60 

James Almy, 60, 62 

Claries Kingsbury, 60, 68, 66 

Jernie Eva, 60, 63 

Arlowe Kingsbury, 64 

Lorii Almy, 64 

Osburn, Mary B., 64 
Quaker, origin of name, 13 
Raymond, Edward S., 74 
Sanford, Peleg, Gov., 78, 80, 81 

Bridget, 81 

Slocum, Joanna, 17, 81 
Stewart, Sarah Louise, 66 
Swift, Charles E., Doctor, 68 
Scott, Wintield, Gen, (incident) U 
Smith, E. Sanford. Judge, 66 

William, 63 . 

Tattersall, Joan, 16 
Tillinghast, Lydia. 48 
ThompHon, Bridget Almy, 34 
Turner, Henry E., Doctor, 19, 78 
Unthank Christopher, 23 

Susan, 23 

Van 2andt, Gov., (iQcident) 4S 
W(st. Bartholomew, 16, 83, 76 
Winthrop, John, (incident) 13 
Washington, Geo. Gen, (incident) 8B, tf, 

65, '77, 82, 88 
Willard, Frances E. (incident) 67, 06 
Winterstein, Jacob D., 68 

Franklin P., 69 . ' 

Wilcox, Sarah, 63 

Winslow, Jusiah, Gov., (incident) 18 



Index, 



1S6 



RAPAUtf. 



Abrain Colai. lU 

Br6clij«, 97, ISO 

-Dmlel. Mijor, Xii 

Gaipard, Colot. Col., U, SB, ITI. 100. 

Ltt.181 

Gupard, 183 

Jorls JantMD, 100. 101, UM. IW, Hi. 

128. l!W. 128, 129. lao 

Jacquet, Capt., 124 

Jane, 130 

Sarah, 101, 106, 129 

William Jantiea, Chevalier, UU 

Rapalyd, Sarah (firit white child born iu 

New Netherland) 101, 106, 129 
Rapalle, Anoije, lU* 

Catelyntje, 109 

Daniel, 106 

Elizabeth, 109 

Jacob, 109, 128 

Jan. 109 

Jannetje, 109 

— — Jeronemui, 109.128 

Judith, 100 

Maretje, lOU 

Haplee, Mile* 124 
Rappleyea, Andrew, 119 

Margaret, 119 

Richard, 119 

Rappleye, Auly, 118 

—Charity, 117 

-. Georfce, 114 

Hudson, 117, 124 

Jacobus, 48, 114 10 U7, 138 

John, 118 

Jane. 118 ' 

Jeremiah, 118 

Lucreua, 118 

Nlcholai, 118 



P^Appley*. PoUjr, lU 

Peter, 118. UOk Ui 

S*rah. 114 

Sallie, U8 

TennU, 118 

TeanitS.. Ui 

William. 88, lia UI 

Almy, j. B., 123 

job, US 

Bergen, Han» Haaaes, MB, Ut 

Agnea, 120 

Daniel, 120 

Johannes, UD 

John. 120 

Simon, 120 

Michael, 120 

Bogart, , 102, 126 

Bogaert, Tennis G., Id 

Aartje, 104 

Boudinot, Tobias, 118 
Benjamin, Sarah, 118 
Cobden, Cadwallandcr, Hoa., Ut 
Colgrove, James, 118 
Covert. Mary, 118 

Demelt, , 118 

Oenyse, Teunis. 106, 111 

Jeromns, 111, 114 

Derrick (Richard). 111. Ul U> 

George, 111, 114 

Folkert, 111 

Jane, Ul 

Sarah, Ul 



Ft;»co, Joris, 100, 106 

Graundyke, , 118 

Howe, Gen., (incident) lit 
Hugienot, origin of aasM. Ul 
Janssen, Abram (Artist) 97, UD, IB 

Victor Antoine (Historical Ftiwr) 

132 



1S« 



Index. 



KJtft Gov.. UB 

Lutw7cb«, Edwari C, Col., ISO 
Lodewyck, Hans, 190 
Lindloy, M«ry. 119 
Lairaway, Lacy. 118 
Minuit. Peter, 106, m 
Murray, Roberl, 119 
Miller, Charles K., 117 

Polly Ann Aliny, lU 

Mey, Coraelii, Capt., 100, 1;K, U9 
UoiterdoQck, George, 114 

Polhemus, . lUi 129 

Kubeos, Flemish painter, (iocideot) Ul 
Salee, Anibooy, 1%) 



Swicb, tt«rb«ra, 118 
Sohaieiiar. CtthariiM, 118 

Springer, , IIH 

Tyler. Peggy. 118 

Updyke. Reuben. 118 • 

Van Salert. Anthony, 180 
Votburg, R., m 

Van Dyke, , 118 

Van Vecbten, Sarah, lOU, 119 

Van Aridalen. Van Courtland. Altla. 114 

Wolfe, Catbarlna (Art Collection), iaci- 

deut, 131 
Williamton. Elixa. IW 
Barab, 117 



'■bM''li"''itiE*!^lE'i'itt^ 



■m